2016-04-15

Earthquake jishin legends

- BACK to the Daruma Museum -
. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .
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jishin 地震 Legends about Earthquakes

Earthquake in Kumamoto, April 15, 2016 - 熊本地震 - M7.1
Earthquake in Kumamoto, April 16, 2016 - 熊本地震 - M7.3



. Earthquake in Kumamoto, April 15, 2016 .
This is still an ongoing story,
even as I write this entry now (around 10 in the morning of April 16, the ground in Kumamoto and most of Kyushu is still shaking . . .


An entry with prayers for the earthquake victims in Kumamoto.

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Takemikazuchi no mikoto (武甕槌大神)

Tekemikazuchi standing on a catfish- on the famous "key stone" "kaname ishi 要石".
A giant catfish (namazu 鯰) lived in mud beneath the earth. The catfish liked to play pranks and could only be restrained by 鹿島 Kashima, a deity who protected the Japanese people from earthquakes. So long as Kashima kept a mighty rock with magical powers over the catfish, the earth was still. But when he relaxed his guard, the catfish thrashed about, causing earthquakes.

. Nai no kami 地震神 God of Earthquakes  


. Great Tohoku Earthquake March 11, 2011 東北地方太平洋沖地震  

. Earthquakes and Kigo for Haiku .

- - - - - Many earthquakes come with a Tsunami.
. tsunami 津波 伝説 Tsunami legends .
with a list of the biggest quakes and Tsunami

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-- The following is a collection of sayings and legends about earthquakes, many involve animals, for example the kiji 雉 pheasant calling or a shika 鹿 deer calling.
The most common is the giant catfish (namazu 鯰), but other fish are also mentioned, like the eel or goldfish.

-- Some other tales are related to - - . The Koshin Belief 庚申講 .

-- In various regions people chant a special spell invoking a deity, a strong giant or
a sutra mound (kyoozuka 京塚 Kyozuka) to make the earthquake stop soon.

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In the year 1596 from September 1 to 5, there were various earthquakes in Japan.
文禄5年閏7月9日-13日) - 慶長伊予地震 Keicho Iyo Jishin、慶長豊後地震 Keicho Bungo Jishin、慶長伏見地震 Keicho Fushimi Jishin
During the Iyo Earthquake in Shikoku, it is said that black hair of more that 1 meter length rained all over Japan.
October 18, 1614 - (Keichō 19, 25th day of the 10th month) - Strong Earthquake in Kyoto

Nankaidō 南海道 Nankaido earthquakes in Shikoku
1605 (Keichō 10): regional disaster called the Keichō Nankaidō earthquake (慶長大地震 Keichō Nankaidō jishin)
and in 1498 (Meiō 7), 1854 (Ansei 1), 1944 (Shōwa 19) and 1946 (Shōwa 21).
- reference : wikipedia -

In July of the year 1780 there was a strong quake of about M 7.4 in the Shonai region. One month later people saw smoke and a "divine fire" 神火 coming out of 御嶽南の峰 the South peak of Mount Ontake. The smoke like black clouds could be seen from far away.

In July of the year 1830 there was a large earthquake in Kyoto, with more than 260 dead.
People who had gotten a special amulet from the 吉田家 Yoshida family were not wounded by the quake.

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- - - - - ABC List of the prefectures :


.......................................................................... Aichi 愛知県  ......................................

In the 幡豆郡 Hazu district, if fine weather carries on for a long time, there will be an earthquake.


.......................................................................... Akita 秋田県 ......................................

In 角館町 Kakunodate, if an earthquake occurs, the sky will become all red.


.......................................................................... Chiba 千葉県 ......................................

In the 山武郡 Sanbu district, during the Koshin rituals if people hang a scroll to celebrate, it might bring an earthquake or bad luck. So they finish the rituals fast, drink their sake and put the scolls away as soon as they can. Then they find time to have a feast in peace.


.......................................................................... Fukui 福井県  ......................................

In the 今立郡 Imadate district there are two boulders,
Osu-iwa 雄岩 and Mesu-iwa 雌岩, the male (husband) and female (wife) boulder.
Along the river 坂ノ下川 Sakanoshitagawa on top of the mountain there was the Osu-iwa. About 300 years ago at an earthquake, it fell down into the valley. Since then every night there is the sound of オーイ、オーイ」 Ooooi, Ooooi, when the boulder is calling for its mate. To appease it an elder of the village hit an arrow into the Osu-iwa and had the Buddha prayer 南無妙法蓮華経 Namu Myoho Rengekyo inscribed into the stone. Now the stone kept quiet.
But it is said that it 1000 nuns will have passed the Mesu-iwa, it will also fall down. This has not yet happened though.

In the 大飯郡朝嶽 Oi district at Mount Asadake, the deity 御浅明神 Osen Myojin is venerated and its messenger is a "human fish" 人魚, Mermaid.
Once a hunter found a strange being, shining sparkling red and the lower part of the body like a fish. He killed it imedially. After 17 days the sea begun to become wild and after 30 days there was an earthquale, which wiped out the whole village of the hunter.



.......................................................................... Fukushima 福島県  ......................................

In the 安達郡 Adachi district, people chant manze eroku マンゼエロク マンゼエロク and ?? split a flycatcher (ヒタキ) over sleeping children to avoid the worst, especially a fire.

In the 南会津郡 Minami Aizu district at 檜枝岐村 Hinoemata village there are some sayings about the weather.
If there is thunder and earthquake at night, or if the soot at the bottom of the kitchen hearth starts burning whith a flickering flame, getting on and off, then a rain will come, in the form of a kitsune no yome-iri きつねの嫁入り spell of sunshine during a rain.


.......................................................................... Gifu 岐阜県 ......................................

In the 吉城郡 Yoshiki district, the deity カシワの神 Kashiwa no Kami, the Deity of Oak Trees, is venerated everywhere. He is said to use a walking stick and eat rice.
He can also suppress an earthquake.

. kashiwa 柏 Kashiwa-oak .


.......................................................................... Gunma 群馬県  ......................................

The deity of Mount Akagisan is a mukade centipede. 赤城山の神はムカデ
赤堀家の先祖は三上山のムカデを退治した俵藤太だったので、その恨みを受けて赤堀家の御内室が赤城に登ったときに沼に引き込まれ、大蛇にされた。赤堀氏は妻を見ようとして沼を掘り割ろうとしたが、にわかに天候が荒れて地震が起き、果たせなかった。そのときの堀が赤堀殿の堀の口として残る。以来赤堀姓は赤城山に参ってはいけない。

In the 勢多郡 Seta district, if someone is just in the process of making straw sandals when an earthquake happens, the sandals can not be used any more. So people have to be carefull when making these sandals.



.......................................................................... Hokkaido 北海道  ......................................

During a large earthquake on the 15th day of the 5th lunar month in an unlucky year 壬寅の年, a huge mountain was split into two. From its two sides a 異獣 huge monster animal with eight legs came out and flew away with the wind. The local Ezo people tried to catch it, but it was gone in no time.


.......................................................................... Ibaraki 茨城県  ......................................

In 七会村 Nanakai village, at the foot of 八瓶山 Mount Yatsugameyama, when an earthquake occurs, people call out
Manjiroku Manjiroku me o samase マンジロク、マンジロク 目を覚ませ Manjiroku, wake up!
Manjiroku is a very strong giant, and when he goes to sleep, an earthquake may occur because the big catfish is moving wildly. Manjiroku is so strong he can press down the giant catfish or jump at it and bite in its head.



The full story of マンジロク in Japanese :
- reference source : nihon.syoukoukai.com/modules -



.......................................................................... Iwate 岩手県 ......................................

oo namazu 大ナマズ the big catfish
Related the events in 鹿島 Kashima and the Kaname Stone.
In the 和賀郡 Waga district, people chant マジャラクマジャラク Majaraku Majaraku to appease the Earthquake Deity.
(This is the same as Manjiroku from Ibaraki.)



.......................................................................... Kagoshima 鹿児島県 ......................................

In the 大島郡 Oshima district if an earthquake happens along the river 井之川 Inokawa, people lick their palm and chant kyuunuchika キューヌチカ(経ノ塚) Kyozuka in the local dialect) to make it stop.
- See also the tales of a Kyozuka in Okinawa.


.......................................................................... Kochi 高知県  ......................................

In the 幡多郡 Hata district, if a pheasant calls out very loud, there will be an earthquake.



.......................................................................... Kyoto 京都府  ......................................

In April of the year 887 there was a strong earthquake, the 仁和地震 Ninna jishin.
From the Tatchimon gate of the 平安京大内裏 Imperial Inner Court there was a cloud like smoke rising up to heaven, even sparkling like a rainbow. But in fact it was a huge group of flying ants 羽蟻.

In July of the year 1830 there was a big earthquake. People saw a huge bright fireshine (光り物) wandering over the sky, from 丑寅 North-East toward 辰巳 South-East. And one month before that, from the North-East direction, people heard the sound of 石筒 Iwatsutsu.
Iwatsutsu no Mikoto is a deity that appears in Japanese mythology.


One of the Seven Wonders of the temple Toji in Kyoto 東寺の七不思議
(4) - hyootanike 瓢箪池 the Hyotan-ike "gourd pond".
During a strong earthquake around 1854-60 the 五重塔 five-storied pagoda begun to lean to the side. To counterbalance the effect, the pond Hyotanike was dug out by the people.
The pond is also called Hasuike 蓮池 Lotus Pond.

. Tooji, Tō-ji 東寺 Toji, To-Ji .
1 Kujo-cho, Minami-ku, Kyoto-shi, Kyoto

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In the 天田郡 Amada district, for the rituals of Dondoyaki, people place split bamboo in the form of a bow at the entrance of the home and pray it will prevent the home from destruction during an earthquake.

. Dondoyaki どんど焼き Dondo Fire Ritual - New Year .



.......................................................................... Mie 三重県 ......................................

In 鳥羽市 Toba town, if a pheasant calls out loud, there will be an earthquake.


.......................................................................... Miyagi 宮城県 ......................................

If there is an earthquake between 12 and 2, this is a forebode of illness.
If there is an earthquake between 8 and 10 or 4 and 6, this is a forebode of strong rian.
If there is an earthquake between 10 and 12, this is a forebode of drought.
If there is an earthquake between 6 and 8 or 2 and 4, this is a forebode of a storm.
If during an earthquake the deer are calling, there will be no Tsunami.
If the dear do not call out, there will be a Tsunami.
- There are more sayings of this kind along the coast of Miyagi.

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If there is something unusual about the New Year decoration in the kitchen, the coming year will bring bad luck. But if someone happens to be in the kitchen during an earthquake, this will be good luck.

If the crows call in an unusual voice, there will be disaster, illness or an earthquake.

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Sendai 仙台市



There are some 鹿島神社 Kashima Jinja Shrines to appease the Earthquake Deity.
In olden times seven boulders came flying here from 常陸の鹿島 the Kashima Shrine in Hitachi.
They are venerated as the Kaname stones to suppress an earthquake.
北山光明寺の丘と堤町日浄寺の丘の間の、梅田川水源の湿地にのぞむ光明寺境内の崎。南面して鹿島神社があるので鹿島ヶ崎という仙台七崎の一。
丘の南一帯は田であったが、太古常陸の鹿島から飛来したという七つの大石が点在し、これを地震よけの鹿島の要(かなめ)といった。


.......................................................................... Miyazaki 宮崎県 ......................................

阿州の二宮久太夫が日向国で宿を求めたところ、ある家に泊めてもらう事になった。しかしそこの亭主は病んでいて、首に細い2匹の蛇が巻き付き、その傍らに18、9歳の女2人が双六をしていた。主人が言うには、この蛇はこの女の執心で、1人が怒れば1匹の蛇が首を絞め、2人が怒れば2匹とも絞めるという。翌朝その家を出た久太夫は、お礼を言おうと数日後に戻ったところ家はなく淵になっていた。里人に聞けば、地震や風雨によって無くなったという。


.......................................................................... Nagano 長野県  ......................................

In 飯田市 Iida if a deer calls at midnight, there will be an earthquake or a fire.


.......................................................................... Nagasaki 長崎県  ......................................

At 雲仙市 Unzen town, the farmers were suffering from two 大蛇 big serpents.
島原城主に頼んで蛇狩りをして1匹を殺し、1匹に痛手を負わせた。島原城下の杏庵という医者のところに毎夜更けにくる女がいた。女は治療の末完治し、その後杏庵との間に子供ができた。ある時、正体が大蛇だとわかり、子供にくりぬいた片目を残し、去っていった。その後、寛政4年4月4日に眉山が崩れる地震が起きた。眉山の下の蛇町の人は大蛇に逃げ道を阻まれて家にいた人々は命が助かった。地震は蛇の崇りだといわれ、その責を負って島原城主は自害した。
.
島原の領主が雲仙嶽の山林で狩りをした際二匹の大蛇のうち一匹を射止めた後、島原地方一帯の畑が荒らされて作物の収穫が殆ど皆無になった。村人が原因の大蛇の捕獲に失敗した同じ頃、多比良にいた名医は傷を負った女を治療した。医者が助けた女は、連れ合いを殺された復讐に畑を荒らしにきて村人が捕まえそこねた先程の蛇だった。女は近々地震と津波が起こるので島原を離れろと医者に告げた。そして雲仙岳が噴火し、女の言うとおりになった。災害は大蛇の祟りといわれる。


.......................................................................... Nara 奈良県  ......................................

In 月ヶ瀬村 Tsukigase village, there lived two Tengu, one at Mount 尾山 Oyama and the other at Mount 嵩山 Suzan. Once the two had nothing better to do and begun to carve a whale (kujira 鯨) in the rocks. Then a big earthquake happened and the 鯨石 Kujira Stone fell down in the valley. Now this stone is sunk at the bottom of a dam.


In the 吉野郡 Yoshino district, 役行者 En no Gyoja practised austerities till his death in a stone cave.
When his disciples and some businessmen went there to take a look at his dead body, an earthquake happened, a storm occured and it rained yellow sand (砂).
天狗や悪鬼邪神も現れ、逃げまどっている中で数人が死亡し、生き残った数十人の者たちも半死半生の体でようやく家にたどり着いた。このあと、この石窟を訪れるものはなく、遥拝するにとどまったという。



.......................................................................... Niigata 新潟県  ......................................

In 上越市 Joetsu in 1751, during the Nadachi kuzure 名立崩れ landslide of Nadachi, a hunter saw a red pole of fire in the far sky. When he ran home to check, it was all safe. But in that night, the home was destroyed by an earthquake.

In 十日町市 Tokamachi during the great earthquake in 1833, at the temple 大照院(大正院)Daisho-In the statue of 不動様 Fudo Myo-O tumbled down and rolled outside. When the people, who had taken shelter in the temple, ran after the statue and outside too, the building collapsed and all were saved by Fudo.

Along the river 関川上流 Sekigawa there is
a waterfall pool called jishin no takitsubo 地震の滝壷.
There live two large crabs, husband and wife. They always fight with a couple of giant serpents from the lake 信濃野尻湖 Nojiri in Shino.

In 魚沼市 Uonuma, where a huge boulder, 船石 Funaishi appeared after an earthquake in 1825 destroyed the mountain 船山 Funayama. This boulder has become the place of rituals by the local shamans 神子の口寄せ.


.......................................................................... Oita 大分県  ......................................
国東郡 Kunisaki district

In the village of 姫島村 Himeshima,
if there is an earthquake at 8 in the morning or 8 in the evening,
or
If there is an earthquake at 4 in the morning or 4 in the evening, it will be raining.
If there is an earthquake at 2 in the morning or 2 in the evening, there will be a strong storm.


.......................................................................... Okinawa 沖縄県 ......................................


source : urasoenavi.jp/tanoshii - 経塚の碑

In the 首里 Shuri district of 那覇 Naha, people call out Kyozuka 京塚 three times during an earthquake. There is a real Kyozuka sutra mound in Shuri and earthquakes never happen there, so just to call its name is helpful.
This mound was erected by Saint Nisshu 日秀上人 in 1522, to appease a Yokai monster that haunted the roads of Shuri and 浦添 Urasoe. He wrote the diamond spell of 金剛経文 on small pebbles and placed them there, preparing a mound with a larger stone, inscription 金剛嶺 Mount Diamond.


In the 国頭郡 Kunigami district, if there is an earthquake people chant チカチカ chikachika or トーチカ、トーチカ toochika toochika to avoid disaster.
(chika is the local dialect for zuka, sutra mound.)


.......................................................................... Osaka 大阪府  ......................................

In the 三島郡 Mishima district people think an earthquake is caused by a huge 金魚goldfish in the ground. Osaka is often hit by the tail of this goldfish. And Tokyo is hit by its head, with an earthquake following.


.......................................................................... Saitama 埼玉県  ......................................

oo unagi 大鰻 the big eel
At the 越生町古池 old pond in Ogose there lives a big eel. If he gets wild, there will be an earthquake.
To appease him villagers put up a 要石 Kaname Stone for the deity 鹿島様 Kashima Sama and pray for help.


.......................................................................... Shizuoka 静岡県 ......................................
田方郡 Tagata district

In 天城湯ヶ島町 Amagi Yugashima, there is a big fish who sometimes moves and thus causes earthquakes.


.......................................................................... Tochigi 栃木県  ......................................

If during the New Year rituals for 庚申様 Koshin Sama at a private home an earthquake happens, the rituals must be stopped and started again on another day. During an earthquake, Koshin sama will run out of the house and thus there is no point in making offerings to him.

. The Koshin Belief 庚申講 .



.......................................................................... Tokushima 徳島県  ......................................

. konaki jijii 児啼爺 "grandfather who cries like a baby" .
If people hear him cry in the far mountains, there will be an earthquake.



.......................................................................... Tokyo 東京都  ......................................


At the Pond 忍ばずの池 Shinobazu no Ike
忍ばずの池の端に住む山名勘十郎の母は生首を見ないと食事が進まず、いつも死骸を側に置いていた。ある時乗り物を担がせ、山王の西の池辺に降ろさせて下人を帰させた。下人が戻ってみると女はいなかったので家に帰ると、彼女は馬で帰ってきてそのまま池に入った。馬の持ち主がいうには、池から女が出て来て馬に乗り、池の主になろうとしたが先に鯉がいてだめだったといった。その後怪異が起きたので、勧学院の了翁僧都が悪霊を鎮めるために鐘楼を建てたが地震で鐘は沈んだ。この霊が鐘を取ったと言われた。


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- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -

List of earthquakes in Japan
The first on the list is
November 29, 684 - Hakuhou Nankai earthquake - 白鳳南海地震 - magnitude 8.4
- - -
July 28, 1889 - Kumamoto earthquake 熊本地震 - M 6.2
- source : wikipedia -

- quote -
The 1889 Kumamoto earthquake
It was also called the Kinpozan earthquake (or Kinbozan earthquake, since its epicenter was the southern-eastern foot of Mount Kinpu 金峰山) and its magnitude was 6.3.
Twenty people died (5 in Kumamoto City and 15 in Akita Gun, Kumamoto Prefecture) and hundreds of houses and parts of Kumamoto Castle were destroyed. ...
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

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. Natural Disasters 自然災害 shizen saigai - Naturkatastrophe .
- and their legends -
- drought, earthquake, flooding, landslides, tsunami, typhoon, volcanic eruption -


. Legends about animals 動物と伝説 .


. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .

- Yookai 妖怪 Yokai Monsters of Japan -
- Introduction -

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- - - - - Manga Nippon Mukashi Banashi- - - - -

桶屋の夢
天狗のちょうちん
おとみーさん
春日様の握り飯
仁兵衛じいさんとたぬき

- reference : nihon.syoukoukai.com/modules/search-
5 to explore

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. Join the friends on Facebook ! .

- #earthquakelegends #jishinlegends #kumamotoearthquake -
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1 comment:

Gabi Greve said...

- quote
Disaster and the Japanese Spirit
Alexander N. Meshcheryakov


A bit essentialist take on Japan's ‪‎disaster‬ ‪‎culture‬ and the stoic spirit with which people have come to endure the frequent disasters.

"The Fukushima tragedy brought out and highlighted the excellent qualities of the Japanese people. At the same time, it exposed serious problems that nations around the world must face. Scientific and technological development has led people to believe that humanity is omnipotent, that it has “tamed nature.”
This is a huge error of judgment."
.
http://www.nippon.com/en/column/g00353/