2016-05-14

Hokigami Hahakigami

- BACK to the Daruma Museum -
. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .
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Hookigami, Hōkigami 箒神 (ほうきがみ) Hokigami, Hahakigami Legends about the Broom Deity
箒神 (ははきがみ) Hahakigami
箒の神 (ホウキノカミ) Hoki no Kami


百器徒然袋 -by 鳥山石燕 Toriyama Sekien

In my dream I saw a broom,
just as one uses to clean up after an autumn typhoon,
just as poets use when warming their saké among the trees,
just like the ones used by attendants during morning cleanings.


- source : Matt Alt - facebook -



- quote -
broom spirit
APPEARANCE:
A hahakigami is a tsukumogami which takes up residence in a broom. They can sometimes be seen on cold, windy late autumn mornings, sweeping wildly at the blowing leaves.

ORIGIN:
Long ago, brooms were not household cleaning tools, but actually holy instruments used in ritual purification ceremonies. They were used to on the air in a room or area in order to purify it and sweep out any evil spirits and negative energy that might be lingering there. Like any tool used for many years, a broom which reaches a very old age becomes a perfect home for a spirit — perhaps even more so in the case of a hahakigami because of the ritual nature of its origin.



Hahakigami
are used also as magical charms for safe and quick childbirth. Because brooms are used to “sweep out” evil energy, a hahakigami acts as a sort of totem to “sweep out” the baby from its mother safely.
They are also used as charms to keep guests from overstaying their visit. Anyone who has stayed beyond their welcome might also be “swept out” by the power of the hahakigami.
- source : yokai.com/hahakigami -

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- - - - - Shrines were Hahakigami is venerated 箒神を祀る神社
産神 Ubugami equals 箒神 Hokigami
A mother has to sweep the floor with a broom or stamp on the broom forcefully to have a safe birth.
Women who did not take good care of their brooms often had a difficult birth.

高忍日売神社 Takaoshihime Jinja
愛媛県伊予郡松町徳丸387番地 Ehime
- source : takaoshihime.jp -


徳井神社 Tokui Jinja
Hooki no Miya 箒の宮 "Shrine of the Broom"
兵庫県神戸市灘区大和町4丁目 -- 4 Chome-5-5 Yamatocho, Nada Ward, Kobe, Hyogo
- reference : kamnavi.jp/en/settu/tokui -


. ubugami 産神 "deity of birth" .
guardian deity of pregnant women, newborn babies and one's birthplace

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source : cromag.blog8.fc2.com
箒神(ははきがみ)

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- - - - - ABC List of the prefectures :

Hokigami is the first to show up during a birth. If he does not show up, a woman can not give birth safely. Sp she has to take good care of her broom.

This saying is told in many parts of Japan, in Kagawa 香川県, Kanagawa 神奈川県, Nagasaki 長崎県, Oita 大分県

.......................................................................... Ehime 愛媛県 ......................................
松山市 Takamatsu

Takaboozu 高坊主 Takabozu
He comes instead of Hokigami to help with a birth.
ある商人が箒の神の堂に泊まった晩、箒の神の代わりに出産に立ち会った臼の神が、女の子が生まれたが18で近江のなまずのえじきになると伝える。その娘は商人の子だった。大きくなった娘が伊勢参りに行くので、商人は弁当と饅頭を買う金を与えた。近江の湖で高坊主が現れたが、娘は高坊主に弁当と買った饅頭をあげたため、83まで生きられることになったという。



source : youkai.tou3.com

Takabozu is a Yokai.
It has the figure of a very large monk and appears on crossroads and in the mountains, to take people by surprise.


.......................................................................... Fukuoka 福岡県 ......................................
星野村 Hoshino

Hokigami is the Deity of Birth. If a woman walks over a broom, she will have a difficult birth.

The same is told in Ehime 愛媛県.


.......................................................................... Kagawa 香川県 ......................................

There are various tales and lore on the topic of giving birth.
A woman has to go to a special hut for giving birth, there a broom has to stand up to make sure the Hokigami will come to help.
If the pregnant woman steps on the broom by accident, the Hokigami will get angry and she can not give a safe birth.


.......................................................................... Miyazaki 宮崎県 ......................................
Higashi Kunisaki district

If the bottom of a newborn baby is blue, they say the Hokigami has blown it out.

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東臼杵郡 Higashi Usuki district

If Hokigami and Benjogami (Deity of the Toilet) do not show up in time, a woman can not give birth. Therefore a woman has to keep the toilet clean too.

. Benjogami 便所神 God of the Toilet .


.......................................................................... Nagano 長野県 ......................................

To help with an easy birth, people weave a basket of material from a broom and put a knife into it.


.......................................................................... Oita 大分県 ......................................

If Hokigami does not show up, a woman can not give birth safely.


.......................................................................... Tokyo ......................................
神津島 Kozushima

Hokigami is the same as Izumo no Kami 箒神は出雲の神 and is the first to show up during a birth. If a woman takes good care of her broom, she will have an easy birth. But if not, five days after giving birth, a 河童 Kappa in the form of an old grandpa will snow up and take the baby away to its death.


.......................................................................... Yamaguchi 山口県 ......................................

. Yōka 八日様 Yoka Sama, the Honorable Day Eight .

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Once upon a time
a 乞食 poor beggar woman gave birth to a baby girl under a bridge.
A person passing over the bridge heard the Deity of the Broom and the Deity of the Toilet talking, saying that whoever would get married to this girl would become the richest man in the village. So this girl was lucky, got married and lived to a long and rich life.


.......................................................................... Yamaguchi ......................................
西八代郡 Nishi Yatsushiro district 上九一色村 Kami Kuishiki

Once a traveling businessman stayed over night in a temple of 荒神様 Kojin Sama. There the Hokigami came along and invited Kojin Sama to come and assist with a birth tonight, but Kojin Sama refused. The Hokigami went alone to help. When he came back he told that the child had been born safely, but its life would be short, because on this and that day a Kappa (Enko エンコ) would come and get it.
The businessman thought this was about his own child. On the day when the life of the child was supposed to come to an end the child went to the river with her old nurse. But the nurse was in fact the Kappa, took the child by the hand and wanted to jump into the river. Just in this moment the father gave a loud ring with a sacred bell. So the Kappa fled in haste and the child was saved.


. Aragamisama, Koojinsama 荒神様 Kojin Sama .

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- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -


- source : blog.zige.jp/la-comic -

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. shuro hooki 棕櫚 ほうき broom made from Shuro palm .

. Legends about Kobo Daishi Kukai - 弘法大師 空海 - 伝説 .

. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .

- Yookai 妖怪 Yokai Monsters of Japan -
- Introduction -

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source : teramoto.co.jp/history

Seller and buyer of Hoki brooms in Edo
「hooki uri ほうき売り」and「hooki kai ほうき買い」
It was truly a recycle society.


. Doing Business in Edo .

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. Join the friends on Facebook ! .

- #hokigami #hahakigami -
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