Showing posts with label - - - Legends - - -. Show all posts
Showing posts with label - - - Legends - - -. Show all posts

2017-12-30

ABC List Contents

- BACK to the Daruma Museum -
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. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

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ABC List of Contents - Heian Period (794 to 1185) 平安時代
- - - - - and the periods up to Heian



. Books about the Heian Period .

. Reference online .


. kojiki 古事記 Furukotofumi, he oldest chronicle in Japan .

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source : metmuseum.org/toah


. Persons of the Heian Period .


. Shrines of the Heian Period 神社 .


. Temples of the Heian Period 寺 .


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- - - - - Keywords, terms, specialities - - - - -


Anna 安和 era (968 - 970)
- source : wikipedia -
- - - - - . Anna Incident - Heian History .


. aoba no fue 青葉の笛 flute with green leaves .
flute of the monsters 鬼笛 onibue


Architecture in the Heian Period
James T. Ulak
In 784 the emperor Kammu (737–806) relocated the seat of government to Nagaoka. Nagaoka was marred by contention and assassination, however, rendering it an inauspicious location for the capital. Thus, in 794 a site to the east of Nagaoka on a plain sheltered on the west, north, and east by mountains and intersected by ample north-south rivers was judged appropriate by geomancers. Named Heian-kyō (“Capital of Peace and Tranquility”) and later known as Kyōto, this city was modeled on the grid pattern of the Tang Chinese capital at Chang’an. Heian-kyō remained the site of the imperial residence . . . (100 of 10,500 words)
- source : global.britannica.com/art -


. Aristocrats in the Heian Period .

. Ashikaga Gakkoo 足利学校 Ashikaga Gakkō, The Ashikaga School,
The Ashikaga Academy and Ono no Takamura 小野篁 .


auspicious symbols
- matsukuware tsuru 松くわえ鶴 crane holding a pine branch

. awabi densetsu あわび アワビ 鰒 鮑伝説 abalone legends .



. Ban Dainagon Ekotoba 伴大納言絵詞 picture scroll about the fire of Otemon 大手門 .

. Bandits, Pirates, Robbers - Heian History .

. Binbogami 貧乏神, Kyuuki 窮鬼 Kyuki - God of Poverty .

. Buddhism in Heian Japan .
- - - - - . Developments in Buddhism .

Buddhist sculptors 仏師 busshi - Heian Era
定朝 Jōchō Busshi (Jocho), 円派 Enpa and 院派 Inpa School
Magaibutsu 磨崖仏 cliff carvings
Artwork of the new sects, Tendai 天台 and Shingon 真言.
- source : Mark Schumacher -

. bussokusekika 仏足石歌, "Buddha footprint poems" .


Cleveland Museum pieces
Art of Japan: Masterpieces from the Cleveland Museum of Art / Heian (14 results)
- source : books.google.co.jp -

Colors of the Heian period
. . . A glimpse of many shades of color at the neck, sleeve and hemline . . .
check : Fujiwara no Teika "Meigetsu-Ki" Bright Moon Diary
. Japanese Colors - Introduction .
- - - - - . The Traditional Colors of Japan / by Sarah W . *


. daidokoro, daibandokoro 台盤所 kitchen .

Daijō-kan, Dajō-kan, Daijookan 太政官 Great Council of State
three ministers— : Daijō-daijin (Chancellor), Sadaijin (Minister of the Left) and Udaijin (Minister of the Right)
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

Dazaifu 大宰府 regional government in Kyushu, "the distant capital"
from the 8th to the 12th centuries.
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

. dengaku mai 田楽舞 Dengaku dance .


. Echizen shikki 越前漆器 Echizen laquer ware .
In 527A.D., when the 26th emperor of Japan was young, he ordered a lacquerware craftsman in Echizen to repair his crown . . .

emaki 絵巻 picture scrolls - tba
Ban Dainagon ekotoba (The Tale of the Courtier Ban Dainagon)
Chōjū giga (Scroll of Frolicking Animals)
Genji Monogatari emaki (The Illustrated Tale of Genji)
Shigisan engi emaki (Legends of Mt. Shigi)
- - Emaki, narrative scrolls from Japan – Miyeko Murase
- - Critical Terms for Art History - Nelson, Shiff
- - The Practices of Painting in Japan - Quitman Phillips


. Food and Drink in the Heian Period .

. Fujiwara regency - Heian History .


. gangu 玩具, omochcha おもちゃ toy, toys .
In the Heian period, it was called “mote (or mochi)- asobimono (mote or mochi means to hold in a hand, and asobimono means something to play with),” or it was referred to as simply “asobimono” in the Tale of Genji.

. Genji Monogatari 源氏物語 The Tale of Genji .
. . . . . Murasaki Shikibu

. Genpei War 源平戦争 - Heian History .
the Minamoto (源) and the Taira (平). The Heian Period ends with the Genpei War.

. gold and silver mines - kinzan 金山 ginzan 銀山 .

. Gold and Silver, Zipangu .


. goryoo, onryoo 御霊、怨霊 vengeful spirits .
Sudo Tenno 崇道天皇 and his son,
Iyo Shinno 伊予親王.
his mother, Fujiwara Fujin, 藤原婦人
Fujiwara Hirotsugu, 藤原広嗣
Tachibana Hayanari, 橘逸勢
Bunya no Miyata Maro 文室宮田麻呂
Kibi no Makibi 吉備真備
Sugawara Michizane 菅原道真


. Gozu Tennō 牛頭天王 Gozu Tenno Deity .


haiku about Heian 俳句と平安

hairstyle

. hamaya 破魔矢 and busha matsuri 歩射祭 or 奉射祭 .
- - - - - New Year ritual archery

. Hanami 花見 "Blossom viewing party" .

. haniwa はにわ【埴輪】“clay cylinder”clay figures .
- and the Hajibe 土師部 clan / mogari funeral rites もがり【殯】


. Hashihime, Hashi Hime 橋姫 / はし姫 "Princess of the Bridge" .
turning into a vengeful Oni demon

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. Heian bijin 平安美人 a beauty of the Heian Period, Heian Beauty . *
- - - - - . Aristocrats in the Heian Period - beauty .
- - - - - . The Fair Face of Japanese Beauty
Cosmetics for Japanese Women from the Heian Period to Today.
*

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Heianjo, Heian Jo 平安城 "The Castle of Heian"
平安城首 / 平安城尾 / 左 青竜 / 右 白虎 / 前 朱雀 / 後 玄武
『都名所図会』で京を巡る Kyo Meisho Zue - Illustrations of the famous places
. 都名所図会 Kyo Meisho Zue . *


Heian Kyoo 平安京 (literally "tranquility and peace capital") HeianKyo, Heian Kyo
was one of several former names for the city now known as Kyoto. It was the capital of Japan for over one thousand years, from 794 to 1868 with an interruption in 1180.
- Including Kadono District (Kadono-gun, Atago 愛宕郡) and Otagi District (Otagi-gun, 愛宕郡) of Yamashiro Province (Yamashiro no kuni, then 山背国)
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !
- - - - - .The Ancient Capital Heian Kyo - by Parker .


. Heian matsuri 平安祭 Heian festival - Kyoto .
Jidai matsuri 時代祭 "Festival of the Ages" - October
- - - - - Heian Jinguu 平安神宮 Heian Jingu Shrine

. Heike densetsu 平家伝説 legends about the Heike clan .
The Tale of the Heike 平家物語 Heike Monogatari - 平 Taira - and more

. Heike tanuki 源平狸 papermache doll of a badger .
at Temple Yashima-Ji 屋島寺, Kagawa. The Tanuki believed that his former master was a prince of the Taira clan.

. hinomaru, hi no maru 日の丸 the Japanese Flag .
- - - - - Emperor Monmu used a flag representing the sun in his court in 701.

. hiragana 平仮名 ひらがな writing system .

. Hiraizumi 平泉 in Iwate, the Golden Hall .
Fujiwara no Kiyohira 藤原清衡 and the Hiraizumi Fujiwara clan

. History of the Heian Period .
. . . . . Heian History by dates
- source : #heianhistory -

. Hoogen no ran, Hôgen no ran  保元の乱 Hogen Disturbace - 1156 .



. ikiryō, shōryō, seirei, ikisudama 生霊 Ikiryo, "living ghost" .

Ima Kagami - Fujiwara no Tametsune

. imayoo, imayō 今様 Imayo, popular song, imayoo uta 今様歌 .
Imayo Awase: Song contest in the Heian period


. inbi no gohan 忌火の御飯 "rice on the memorial day" .

. Ise monogatari 伊勢物語 Tales of Ise .
. . . . . and Yatsuhashi 八橋

. ishinago 石子 / イシナゴ / いしなご / 石なご / 石投 / 擲石 toy stone pebbles .
いしなどり / 石な取り ishinadori / いしなごとり ishinagotori / 石投げ ishinage
and
saigi 賽木、伊勢の賽木(いせのさいぎ)wooden dice from Ise


. Jishin no Ran 壬申の乱 Jishin war - 672 .
Ōama no ōji 大海人皇子 Prince Oama - 天武天皇 Tenmu Tenno


. Kagerō Nikki 陽炎日記 / 蜻蛉日記 Kagero Nikki, The Kagero Diary .
- - - - - The Mayfly Diary, The Gossamer Years, by Michitsuna no Haha (ca. 935-95)

. kaiawase, kai-awase,kai awase 貝合; 貝合わせ shell-matching game .

. kanbun (kambun) 漢文 written Chinese, the official language *

. Kaneuri Kichiji 金売吉次 / 金売り吉次 / 吉次信高 / 橘次末春
Kichiji Nobutaka, Kitsuji Sueharu, Kane-uri Kichiji .

- legendary gold trader of the Heian Period

. kanju manju 干珠満珠 the tide jewels .

kanpaku 関白 Kampaku, regent
first secretary and regent who assists an adult emperor
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

. kaoo, kaō 花押 Kao official signature .

. Kappa 河童 Water Goblin Legends of the Heian period .

. karuta, uta karuta 歌留多 Poetry card game .

. Kawara no In 河原院 Kawara-no-in - Kyoto .
official residence of 源融 Minamoto no Toru (822 - 895)


. kemari 蹴鞠 kick ball .

. Kimigayo 君が代 the Japanese Anthem .

kimono and fashion
- source : History-of-Kimono -
. juuni hitoe 十二単衣 12 layered court robe .

. Kinoshitagoma, 木ノ下駒 horse toy from Sendai .

Kin'yō Wakashū 金葉和歌集 Collection of Golden Leaves
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !


. kofun jidai 古墳時代 burial mound period - 250 to 538 .
- Introduction and legends -


Kokin Wakashū 古今和歌集 Waka poetry anthology
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

. Kokushi 国司 Kuni no tsukasa, regional governor .
and the legal system, Ritsuryō 律令 Ritsuryo

Konjaku Monogatari 今昔物語, Konjaku Monogatarishū 今昔物語集 Anthology of Tales from the Past
collection of over one thousand tales written during the late Heian period (794-1185)
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

. Korean heritage 韓国 Kankoku  朝鮮 Chosen - Korea .

. koyomi 暦 Japanese calendars .
introduced in the Joogan 貞観 Jogan period (859 - 877).



. Legends of the Heian Period .

. Literature of the Heian Period 平安時代の文学 .


Makimuku Kofun and Himiko 纒向古墳群 卑弥呼


Makura no Sōshi 枕草子 Makura no Soshi, The Pillow Book
. by Sei Shōnagon 清少納言 Sei Shonagon .


. Manyooshuu, Man'yōshū 万葉集 Manyoshu, Manyo-Shu
Poetry "Collection of Ten Thousand Leaves" .



. Map 平安京オーバレイマップ .

. Masakado's Rebellion - Heian History .
. Taira no Masakado 平将門 (? – 940) .

. Matsuo Basho 松尾芭蕉 in the footsteps of the Heian period .

. Medicine - Honzo Wamyo 本草和名 . *

. Modori-bashi, modoribashi 戻橋 / 戻り橋 'Returning Bridge' . - Kyoto

. mokkoogata, mokko no katachi 木瓜形 four-lobed pattern .
..... "quince pattern", originated in Tang dynasty as a motif on courtiers' clothes and was very popular in the Heian period

. Motives and Symbols in Art .


Narumi Gold Mine in Echigo since the Heian period
越後の鳴海金山、血色の鍾乳石

nengoo, nengō 年号 Nengo, "year name", era name
- reference source : wikipedia -

. Nihon Ryōiki 日本霊異記 Nihon Ryoiki .
Ghostly Strange Records from Japan
Record of Miraculous Events in Japan
by Kyookai 景戒 (きょうかい/けいかい) Kyokai - Keikai, priest of Yakushi-Ji in the Nara period

. norito 神詞 のりと Shinto chants, incantations and prayers .

. Nue - Yorimasa and the Nue monster (鵺, 鵼, 恠鳥, or 奴延鳥) .


. Ogura Hyakunin Isshu 小倉百人一首 Poetry Collection of 100 Poets .


. onmyoodoo 陰陽道 Onmyo-Do, The Way of Yin and Yang .
Abe no Seimei 安倍晴明 (921 – 1005)

. Onsen - Eight famous old Hot Springs 八古湯 and their legends .
- and other hot springs dating back to the Heian period

Ookagami, Ōkagami 大鏡 Okagami, The Great Mirror - historical tale
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !


. plum blossoms 梅花 loved in the Heian period.



. red and white 紅白 kohaku (koohaku) .
and the Battle of Dan-no-Ura 壇ノ浦の合戦

Romance - Forced Affection - Rape as the First Act of Romance in Heian Japan
- source : Stuart Iles -

Ryoounshuu, Ryōunshū 凌雲集 Ryounshu - kanshi poetry anthology
- source : wikipedia -


. samurai 侍 Samurai - servant .
In the early Heian period the word samurai meant servant and it had no military connotation and did not refer to a person of elite status.
. 4 The beginnings of the warrior (bushi) class - Heian History .
- - - - - . Rise of the military class .

. Sarutahiko densetsu 猿田彦伝説 Sarutahiko Legends .

. seko, haishi 背子 light robe or lover-friend .

Senzai Wakashū 千載和歌集 "Collection of a Thousand Years"
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

sesshoo, sesshō 摂政 regent
a title given to a regent who was named to assist either a child emperor before his coming of age, or an empress.
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

Shika Wakashū 詞花和歌集 "Collection of Verbal Flowers"
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

Shinsen Shōjiroku 新撰姓氏録 "New Selection and Record of Hereditary Titles and Family Names")
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

shooen, shōen 荘園 or 庄園 shoen system
. 2 The development of the shoen system - Heian History .
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !


sonsho darani, Sonshō darani - Holy and Virtuous Spell
Crown of the Victor Dharani / Bucho Sonsho Darani
darani 陀羅尼 spell against the monsters and demons that haunted the capital in the Heian period.


. soohei, sōhei 僧兵 Sohei, monk-warrior, monk-soldier .


. Sumitomo's Rebellion - Heian History .
Fujiwara no Sumitomo 藤原純友 (? - 941)
. . . . . provincial official and pirate, most famous for his efforts to establish a sort of pirate kingdom for himself in the Inland Sea region between 936 and 941.

. Suzakumon 朱雀門 Suzakumon (Shujakumon) Gate .

. Symbols and Art Motives .



. Taika Reform 大化の改新 Taika no Kaishin - 645 .
Emperor Kōtoku 孝徳天皇 Kotoku Tenno

. Takenouchi Monjo 竹内文書 Takenouchi Documents .
- Takenouchi no Sukune 武内宿禰 / 竹内宿禰 / 建内宿禰 - legendary statesman and Kami
Takeshiuchi no Sukune - Takeshi-Uchi // Takenouchi Skune, Takeuchi Sukune

. Taketori Monogatari 竹取物語 Tale of the Bamboo Cutter (Kaguyahime かぐや姫) .

. temari 鞠(まり)- 手毬(てまり)hand ball, rag ball .

. tomoe 巴(ともえ)Tomoe pattern .
This pattern first appeared in the Heian period . . .

. Tosa Nikki 土佐日記 Tosa Diary .
-. . . . . Ki no Tsurayuki 紀貫之 (872-945)

. Tsunami 津波 History since 684 .


. Waka poetry and Buddhism  和歌と仏教 .


. Yamashiro 山城 .
“Yamashiro” was formerly written with the characters meaning “mountain” (山) and “area” (代); in the 7th century, there were things built listing the name of the province with the characters for “mountain” and “ridge”/“back” (山背国). On 4 December 794 (8 Shimotsuki, 13th year of Enryaku), at the time of the christening of Heian-kyō, because of the resultant scenic beauty when Emperor Kammu made his castle utilizing the natural surroundings, the shiro was finally changed to “castle” (山城国).

. yami - Heian no Yami 平安の闇 The Dark Side of the Heian Period .

. yookai, yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters, ghosts, spooks .

. Yuge no Miya 弓削の宮 / 弓削宮 - Osaka .
and - Yugi no Miya 由義宮 and the temple 弓削寺 Yugedera

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. Newsletter - Latest Additions .

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- - - - - Nara 奈良 - - - - -

The Nara Period 奈良時代 Nara Jidai from 710 - 794

. ABC List of Contents - Nara Period 奈良時代 .

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. Join the friends on Facebook ! .

- #heianabclist #abclist #korea -
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[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO . TOP . ]

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2017-11-14

toigiki shamanism legends

- BACK to the Daruma Museum -
. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .
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toigiki 問い聞き / 問聞 / トイギキ と伝説 Legends about Shamanism
hotokeoroshi, hotoke oroshi ホトケオロシ / 仏オロシ "calling a Buddha to earth"
kamioroshi, kami oroshi カミオロシ / 神おろし / 神降ろし "calling a Kami to earth"


Rituals for seeking spiritual, religious help through a medium.

hotoke "Buddha" in this context means a dead person.
In former times people often felt cursed by the gods or by ancestors or enemies.
To help solve their problems, they asked a medium for help.



The Itako shamans of 恐山 Mount Osorezan, Aomori can get in contact with dead family members.
. itako いたこ / イタコ Itako medium, female shaman .
- Read an encounter of myself, using a Japanese Itako medium to get to my dead German father.
シャマニズム shamanism

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The 沖縄のユタ Yuta from Okinawa
also have these medial powers.



- quote -
The Yuta, The Noro, And The “Okinawan Witch Trials”
What does one do when beset by illness, bad luck, or a case of lost keys? If you’re in Okinawa one possibility is to consult a yuta. The yuta are female spirit mediums who have been around for centuries, though it was not always easy for them.
..... prior to 1879 Okinawa was a separate country from Japan, called the Ryukyu Kingdom, with its own culture and language .....
..... The noro were the official priestesses of Ryukyu.
..... Compared to the yuta, the noro are an interesting contrast. At the most basic level, noro were priestesses, while the yuta were spirit mediums.
They were both women involved in rites, rituals, and spiritual work.
..... Being a yuta was a self-proclaimed vocation, with no requirements needed or qualifications to be shown. If someone had a problem they could pay a yuta to consult with the spirits and find a solution, and there were always people with problems.
- source : tofugu.com/japan/yuta-noro-okinawa... -

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kamioroshi, kami oroshi カミオロシ / 神おろし / 神降ろし "calling a Kami to earth"
kamikuchi 神口

-- Kamioroshi: The Descent of the Gods
-- In both Kagura and Noh the descent of the deity is called kamioroshi.
-- The kami-oroshi abolishes the categories which uphold ordinary reality, so that man and deity are basically equal and most participate in the festival as equals.
-- The kami-oroshi sequence of the matsuri brings deities and people together and emphasizes through its controlled confusion the equality among members
-- kamioroshi (かみおろし) include 'invoking a deity during a festival held in that deity's honor'.
-- During a kuchiyose ritual, the spirit medium calls the spirit of a deceased person (hotoke-oroshi) or deity (kami-oroshi)
-- Kagura - Kami'oroshi / Kanjo'no'mai (“Descent of the Gods”)
- more - googeling for kamioroshi -

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神おろし・ 神送り - Kagura dance - Kami oroshi and Kami okuri
welcoming the Kami and seeing them off again
Iwate Waga Daijo Kagura 和賀大乗神楽


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- - - - - ABC List of the prefectures :

Toigiki was quite popular in Niigata.


............................................................................... Fukushima 福島県
いわき市 Iwaki city

kamioroshi 神おろし
In the village of 下川 Shimokawa, the unmarried girls came together every month on the third day to do needlework, went to the shrine in the fields and offered prayers.
In 三崎 Misaki, the day was not fixed. But about 50 years ago, all these customs came to an end. Sometimes people who believe in 淡島様 Awashima Sama meet at an open space and dance around the unmarried girls. Sometimes the Deity comes to possess a girl as a kind of Kamioroshi.

. 淡島様 Awashima Sama .
The shrine Awashima jinja in Wakayama is well visited by women praying for childbirth.
There are many Awashima Halls 淡島堂 Awashima Do, in Japan, dating back to Awashima Gannin 淡島願人 and his followers, who walked all along Japan and dispersed the belief in this healing shrine.




............................................................................... Kanagawa 神奈川県
横浜市 Yokohama

. toigiki - 不動明王 Asking Fudo Myo-O for help .





............................................................................... Niigata 新潟県

In Niigata, toigiki トイギキ is also called ホトケダシ hotoke dashi or ホトケの呼び出し hotoke no yobidashi.

. shiratsuke シラツケ / shiramono tsuke シラモノツケ oracle .

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岩船郡 Iwafune district 朝日村 Asahi

kamioroshi 神下ろし
Every year on the 12th day of the 12th lunar month, there was a festival for Yamanokami.
At 当屋の家 the home of the festival leader Kamioroshi occurred, which was called shiramono tsuke シラモノツケ. A Yamabushi mountain priest and the villagers offered prayers to have the Kami come down to 男のミコ the male Shrine disciple. The Kami would jump around in the room of the Miko and then give takusen 託宣 an oracle.
The jumping and dancing in the room was called okagura オカグラ O-Kagura.
This custom has been abolished in the early Taisho period (1912).

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北蒲原郡 Kita-Kanbara 京ヶ瀬村 Kyogasemura

hotoke no kuchikiki 仏の口聞き
The blind ミコサマ Miko Sama (Itako) from 駒林 Komabayashi village was 20 years when she started her career as a student with another Miko Sama. She became quite skilled in calling the spirits of dead people into her body. A grown-up had to be dead for 49 days, a child for at least 35 days.
An old woman who had lost her husband came for a meeting. The Miko Sama put on 白衣 white robes (of the dead), performed o-harai オハライ cleansing rituals and then begun kamioroshi 神オロシ to call for a Kami. The protector deity of the village, 鎮守様 Chinju Sama came to her, but after that she did not remember a thing.

.......................................................................
北蒲原郡 Kita-Kanbara 津川町 Tsugawa

Yamanokami oroshi 山の神おろし
In the back of the mountain is a shrine of 十二山神社 Juunisan Jinja. Its festival for Yamanokami, the Mountain Deity, is on the 12th day of the second and 12th lunar month.
The menfolk of the village gather at a certain home, make ablutions, have a special dinner and after that perform ablutions with cold water. A ten-year old boy is placed on 祭壇 the festival altar, his eyes blindfold. He has to hold 幣束 a ritual wand and all say ritual prayers. Then the men stump on the wooden floor and the Tatami floor mats. When the body of the child begins to sway, the Deity has come into him and people can ask questions about the future:
Should they go to work in the mountain forest? Should they care for the fields? How will the harvest turn out? Who is going to win this or that law suit?
and any kind of personal question.

. 山の神 God of the Mountain and 十二様 Juni Sama "Honorable 12" deities.

. Yamanokami Matsuri 山の神祭り Festivals for Yama no Kami .

.......................................................................

- Niigata - 佐渡郡 Sado Island -

. toigiki - 不動明王 Asking Fudo Myo-O for help .


. Sado Densetsu 佐渡伝説 legends about Sado Island .
Tonchibo トンチボ, Tonchiboo トンチボウ Tanuki from Sado
Tonchibo is also a local name for the Deity of the Mountain, Yamanokami 山の神, and thus a taboo word for the local fisherman.
Kamioroshi カミオロシ is held in his honor.

.......................................................................

hotokedashi ホトケダシ
After the sudden death of a parent, the son went to 八海山 Mount Hakkaisan to have Hotokedashi performed.
The medium told them:
"I was cursed by someone! I can not tell you who that was, but do not fall into the trap of someone who curses people. Don't give up, don't give in.
Stay strong and I will be able to go to the Buddhist paradise (joobutsu 成仏)."


.......................................................................
Sado 羽茂町 Hamochimachi

chigami チガミ - toigiki トイギキ 問聞
On the way to the mountain the luggage of the cow's back always begun to slide, even if he put some stones on the other side.
The oracle told him that he should venerate the Jigami ヂガミ Kami of the Land. When he did, the luggage was straight from that day on.
Next time he went to the mountain, he took the stones and threw them away. But now again he was cursed by the Jigami.
The Toigiki medium told him he should venerate the stones as the Jigami himself to find peace.

. jigami, jishin, chigami, chijin 地神 Kami of the Earth / the Land
Jiten, Chiten 地天 "Earth Deva" .



.......................................................................
Sado 真野町 Manomachi

hotokeoroshi 仏オロシ
There are various places where people go for this in need of advise.
For example 真光寺の山伏 the Yamabushi of temple Shinko-Ji - 吉岡のアリマサン Arima San of Yoshioka -
畑野のドンドコヤ Dondokoya of Hatano - 中興のハッカイサン Hakkaisan of Chuko -
相川の二ツ岩サン Futatsu-Iwa San of Aikawa and others.
Many go there during the O-Bon rituals for the ancestors. But if you call a dead spirit back too often, it will decrease its status in Paradise, so there should be a good reason for doing it.

.......................................................................
Sado 新穂村 Niibomura

jigami no tatari 地神の祟り curse of the local deity
"There is a local saying "If you do not venerte Jigami, the area will be cursed".
Not only the one family that forgets to venerate, but also the next 7 neighbours will come under the curse.
Many families feeling under a curse visit a Shaman (like Arima san or Dondokoya) to get relief and instructions on how to venerate the Jigami.

.......................................................................
Sado 佐和田町 Sawatamachi

People from Sawata often went all the way to Mount Osorezan in Aomori to get help from an Itako medium.

toigiki トイギキ
A child very much beloved by his mother died, but she had forgotten to put his favorite toy in the coffin and he could not cross Sanzu no Kawa, 三途の川. the river to the other world. He had called his mother but she did not hear him and so he got stuck in limbo, as the Toigiki told the mother.
"If you want to help me get over, please make some garments and give them to the Buddhist priest and let him perform rituals for me!" -

. Sanzu no Kawa 三途の川 River Sanzu, the river on the way to hell .

.......................................................................
Sado

kamioroshi カミオロシ
. doshakuzure 土砂崩れ landslide legends .

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- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -
OK - トイギキ // カミオロシ // ホトケノクチキキ // 山の神おろし
11 神おろし (00) / including 03 田の神おろし (00)
14 ホトケオロシ (00)
03 神降ろし kami oroshi (00)
06 八卦 hakke, hakka (00)

o-ukagai オウカガイ oracle advise
. Fudo legend from Yamanashi .

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. Legends about Kobo Daishi Kukai - 弘法大師 空海 - 伝説 .

. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .

- Yookai 妖怪 Yokai Monsters of Japan -
- Introduction -

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- - - - - #toigiki #divination #religioushelp #hotokeoroshi -
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Suikazura honeysuckle legends

- BACK to the Daruma Museum -
. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .
. Legends about Plants 植物と伝説 shokubutsu to densetsu .
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suikazura スイカズラ / 吸葛 / 忍冬 と伝説 Legends about honeysuckle




. suikazura, nindoo 忍冬 honeysuckle - Introduction .
Lonicera japonica // kinginka 金銀花 "gold silver flower"
- kigo for various seasons -

蚊の声す忍冬の花の散るたびに
ka no koe su nindoo no hana chiru tabi ni

The honeysuckle;
With every petal that falls,
The voice of the gnats.


Yosa Buson (1716-83)
translated by R.H. Blyth

ーーーーー

honeysuckle wine 忍冬酒
A drink beloved by Tokugawa Ieyasu ...

.......................................................................

Nintoo Ki 忍冬忌 / ニントウキ Ninto Memorial Day (Nindooki)
for Ishida Hakyoo 石田波郷 Ishida Hakyo

..............................................................................................................................................




. nindoo karakusamon 忍冬唐草文 Nindo Karakusa Mon pattern .
Also suikazura karakusamon; also nindo karakusa 忍冬唐草.
Lit. honeysuckle arabesque pattern.


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- reference source : toki.moo.jp/gaten..713.. -

In winter the leaves of the plant stay on the branches, bending around the branches to avoid the cold. Hence their name
nindoo (nintoo) 忍冬 to endure the winter

Their blossoms have a sweet taste and children lick to sui 吸 suck them. hence the name
suikazura 吸葛 "sucking the vine"



There are various varieties of this plant growing in Japan.
The blossoms come out in May, June and the whole area begins to smell sweet.
In autumn the black berries become visible.

.......................................................................

- quote -
Honeysuckle is a plant that is sometimes called “woodbine.”
The flower, seed, and leaves are used for medicine. Be careful not to confuse honeysuckle with other plants that are also known as woodbine, such as American ivy, gelsemium, and Clematis virginiana.
Honeysuckle
is used for digestive disorders including pain and swelling (inflammation) of the small intestine (enteritis) and dysentery; upper respiratory tract infections including colds, influenza, swine flu, and pneumonia; other viral and bacterial infections; swelling of the brain (encephalitis); fever; boils; and sores. Honeysuckle is also used for urinary disorders, headache, diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, and cancer. Some people use it to promote sweating, as a laxative, to counteract poisoning, and for birth control.
Honeysuckle
is sometimes applied to the skin for inflammation and itching, and to kill germs.
- - - Other Names:
Barbe de Chèvre, Broquebique, Caulis Lonicerae Japonica, Chèvrefeuille, Chèvrefeuille des Bois, Chèvrefeuille des Haies, Chèvrefeuille du Japon, Cranquillier, Fleur de Miel, Flos Lonicerae, Goat's Leaf, Herbe de Chèvre, Herbe à la Pentecôte, Herbe de Pentecôte, Herbe à la Vierge, Honey Suckle, Honeysuckle Flower, Japanese Honeysuckle, Jin Yin Hua, Jinyinhua, Lonicera, Lonicera aureoreticulata, Lonicera bournei, Lonicera caprifolia, Lonicera japonica, Lonicerae Japonicae, Madreselva, Nindo, Périclymène, Ren Dong, Saute-Buisson, Suikazura, Woodbine.
- source : webmd.com/vitamins-supplements... -


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- - - - - Legends - ABC List of the prefectures :

すいかずら Suikazura
There is a magic practise to bury many snakes in a hole in the ground where nobody else comes, and pray to them as deities.
It is the same as with the Inugami 犬神 Dog Deity.
If people get possessed by this deity, they will get ill. If the source of their possession is known there is a method to heal them, they say.
But this is not true.

In 徳島県三好郡祖谷山 the Iya valley of Tokushima there is a kind of Inugami called Suikazura.
It is said to be a bit larger than a rat and lives in the warmth of the hearth in homes.



............................................................................... Tokushima 徳島県

Sarugami 猿神 Monkey Deity
Once upon a time
a strange Yokai monster (the Nue) was flying in the sky. A brave samurai shot it down with three arrows.
The head became Inugami 犬神 the Dog Deity,
the body became Sarugami and
the tail became the plant suikazura スイカズラ / 吸葛 honeysuckle, (other versions say 蛇 a serpent).
- or in another version -
The head flow off to 讃岐国 Sanuki and became Sarugami.
The body flew off to 阿波国 Awa and became 犬神 Inugami,
the tail flew off to 備前国 Bizen and became the plant Suikazura.

. Legends about Yamanokami and Sarugami 猿神 .


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- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -

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. Legends about Plants 植物と伝説 shokubutsu to densetsu .

. Legends about Kobo Daishi Kukai - 弘法大師 空海 - 伝説 .

. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .

- Yookai 妖怪 Yokai Monsters of Japan -
- Introduction -

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- - - - - #suikazura #honeysuckle -
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2017-10-18

Tengu kamikakushi legends

- BACK to the Daruma Museum -
. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .
. Tengupedia - 天狗ペディア - Tengu ABC-List.
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Tengu no kamikakushi, kami-kakushi 天狗と神かくし / カミカクシ
Legends about Tengu and mysterious disappearances
"being spirited away"


. Tengu 天狗と伝説 Tengu legends "Long-nosed Goblin" .
- Introduction -



. Join the Tengu friends on Facebook .

- collecting
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............................................................................... Aichi 愛知県 


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北設楽郡 Kitashitara - 本郷町 Hongo

. kamikakushi 神かくし mysterious disappearance .

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- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -
25 カミカクシ 天狗 to explore (01)
113 カミカクシ (00)

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. Tengu 天狗と伝説 Tengu legends "Long-nosed Goblin" .

. Tengupedia - 天狗ペディア - Tengu ABC-List.


. Legends about Kobo Daishi Kukai - 弘法大師 空海 - 伝説 .

. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .

- Yookai 妖怪 Yokai Monsters of Japan -

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Tengu Legends 03 Akita

- BACK to the Daruma Museum -
. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .
. Tengupedia - 天狗ペディア - Tengu ABC-List.
- Tengumochi 天狗餅 - see below !
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Tengu 天狗と伝説 - 秋田県 Legends about Tengu in Akita

. Tengu 天狗と伝説 Tengu legends "Long-nosed Goblin" .
- Introduction -



. Join the Tengu friends on Facebook .


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gongen 権現 - Tengu 天狗

In the year 1826, farmers were looking for edible mountain plants at 大股沢 Omatazawa along the 奥羽山脈 Ou mountain range.
One of them had the feeling of being lifted up into the sky and indeed went up. The others searched for her and found her about 8 km further on the peak of 真昼岳 Mount Mahiru, where she was asleep. She did not remember a thing of her Tengu ride.



............................................................................... 平鹿郡 Hiraka district
Hiraka - 山内村 Sannai

numa no nushi 沼の主 Lord of the Swamp
The Lord of 仙台の赤沼 the Red Swamp from Sendai had asked 天狗の玉 the King of the Tengu to take her beautiful elder sister and throw her over her back into 福万の黒沼 the Black Swamp of Fukuman.
Other versions talk about a letter to be transferred by the Tengu, or by a traveller who became quite rich after that. Or he found a gold mine nearby?!
The Lord of the Black Swamp was 女神 a female deity.



This "Black Swamp" appeared after a large earthquake in 827. It is 12 m deep. It never dries out, not even in a drought. At the Shrine 黒沼神社 Kuronuma Jinja a dragon deity is venerated.
During the construction of the 大松川ダム Daimatsukawa Dam there was a small hamlet deep in the valley called 福万 Fukuman, an auspicious name for good luck.
.
There are many stones which the Tengu use to play. If humans move these stones, there will be rain.






............................................................................... 北秋田郡 Kitaakita district, Kita-Akita

阿仁町 Ani, village of bear hunters - 天狗岳 Mount Tengudake
When the hunters enter Mount Tengudake, they can hear the Tengu play drums.



Tengu-dake (985 m), in the Shirakami-sanchi 白神山地 Shirakami mountain range.





............................................................................... 大館町 Odate

At 長嶺村 Nagamine village there is a famous Bugaku dance, uhenmai 烏遍舞 Uhen-mai .
It refers to the venarable Danburi Chōja ダンブリ長者 Danburi Elder, who opened the road between
小豆沢 Azusawa and 湯瀬 Yuze.
To build the bridge, he invited a Tengu to help.



- CLICK for more photos of the Bugaku dance performance !
- reference source : Dainichi-Do Bugaku Kagura -

- quote -
Dainichido Bugaku (Japanese: 大日堂舞楽, literally: Important Day Dance)
is a yearly set of nine sacred ritual dances and music, named for the imperial palace ensemble performances, "bugaku", and from the palace's ensemble's visit to Hachimantai, Kazuno District, Akita Prefecture, during the reconstruction of the local shrine pavilion, "Dainichido", in the early eighth century, and their teaching of dances to the locals.
Instruments include the flute and taiko drums. The order and number of dances has changed over time, with the current order of seven dances being the Gongen-mai, Koma-mai, Uhen-mai, Tori-mai, Godaison-mai, Kōshō-mai, and Dengaku-mai dances. Masks include representations of shishi lions and Vairocana.
The dances have a 1300-year history (Nara period),
and though interrupted for nearly sixty years in the late eighteenth century, the dances, some of which may include children or masks, are still practiced on January second from sunrise to noon in shrines throughout communities in Osato, Azukisawa, Nagamine, and Taniuchi, including Hachimantai.



Yamaji Kōzō dates Dainichido Bugaku as arising during and after the Nara (CE 710 to 794) and mid-Heian periods (CE 794 to 1185), after state support of Shinto temple complexes (originally ordered by Emperor Shōmu (CE 701 – 756)) began to decline and court and temple performers took residence in local communities, which then preserved genres such as Dainichido Bugaku as folk arts.
- source : wikipedia -






............................................................................... 仙北市 Senboku (Semboku) district

.......................................................................
Senboku - 角館町 Kakunodate

tobi shinchiko 飛びシンチコ the "Flying Shinchiko" penis
A lazy sloth had deceived a Tengu and got a kakure-mino 隠れ蓑 the magic cloak from him, which makes him invisible.
He used his invisible status to perform all kinds of bad deeds. So his mother (other versions say his wife) burned the cloak. But even the ashes had the same effect.

He spread the ashes all over his body, but forgot to put it on his shinchiko シンチコ (local dialect for penis). That is why he was called 飛びシンチコ the "Flying Shinchiko".
This story is told at 角館總鎭守 神明社 the Shrine Shinmei-Sha.

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akatendori, aka tendori 赤テンドリ red Tendori Yokai monster
If a child cries, villagers at the foot of 愛宕山 Mount Atagoyama try to make it stop by saying:
赤テンドリが飛んで来る The red Tendori is coming to fly here!
or
天狗の太鼓が聞える Tengu will beat his drum !
akatendori o tobasu 赤テンドリを飛す To make the Aka Tendori fly away,
is said when farmers make a fire in their irori 囲炉裏 open hearth in the home to boil water or cook.




.......................................................................
Senboku - 西仙北町 Nishisenboku

juuroku tengu 十六天狗 Tengu on day 16
tengumochi 天狗餅 Tengu mochi rice cakes

On the 16th day of the third, ninth and 10th lunar month people make special mochi rice cakes and offer them to Tengu Sama.
(This is the day after the full moon night.)
The Mochi are fixed to the pole outside the house before anybody has left in the morning. They will protect the people from getting ill.
These Mochi may not be carried over a bridge.
These Mochi are also called fukidori mochi フキドリ餅.




............................................................................... 横手市 Yokote

A man got a kakure-mino 隠れ蓑 the magic invisible cloak and performed all kinds of bad deeds. But when his cload burned down, he was soon found out.


. Tengu no Kakuremino 天狗の隠れみの The Tengu's Magic Cloak - Tales .

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- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -
天狗 秋田県


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tengumochi 天狗餅 Tengu mochi rice cakes



Fukumochi Tengumochi 福餅 天狗餅 Mochi for Good Luck, Mochi for Tengu

. mochi 餅 rice cakes .
Making special MOCHI is an important ritual for many festivals.

Sometimes the Tengu himself has to pound the rice for Mochi.


source : bankun.jp/staff_blog/fukuoujinja...

天狗の福もちつき Tengu pounding Fukumochi
at the Autumn shrine festival of
. Fukuo Jinja 福王神社 Fukuo Shrine, Mie .


tengu no chikaramochi 天狗の力餅 Tengu Mochi to become strong


from 錦花堂 Kinkado - Wakayama, 紀伊由良駅, Kii Yura station



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. Tengu 天狗と伝説 Tengu legends "Long-nosed Goblin" .

. Tengupedia - 天狗ペディア - Tengu ABC-List.


. Legends about Kobo Daishi Kukai - 弘法大師 空海 - 伝説 .

. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .

- Yookai 妖怪 Yokai Monsters of Japan -

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2017-10-16

Tengu Legends 02 Aichi

- BACK to the Daruma Museum -
. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .
. Tengupedia - 天狗ペディア - Tengu ABC-List.
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Tengu 天狗と伝説 - 愛知県 Legends about Tengu in Aichi

. Tengu 天狗と伝説 Tengu legends "Long-nosed Goblin" .
- Introduction -



. Join the Tengu friends on Facebook .


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Folk Legends of Japan - By Richard M. Dorson
- source : books.google.co.jp/books... -

1 The Stone of the Tengu's Heel
Near the top of Mt. Shira at Inaba, Asahi-mura, Higashi Kasugai-gun, three is an old stone about three feet in diameter. It is called "Tengu no Kakato Iwa", the Stone of the Tengu's Heel.
On the surface of the stone there is a hollow in the shape of a heel of a big foot facing east. It is said that the Tengu who lived in this mountain in ancient days, intending to go one night to Mount Sarunage on an errand, stepped on this stone and jumped a big jump eastward, leaving his footprint on the stone. People say there is a Tengu still living on Mount Shira and that the Tengu's Fire is sometimes seen on dark, rainy nights.

2 The Tengu's Fire
There is a big pine tree at the Kita Kakai in Yamatomura, Nakajima-gun. It is said that Yamato Tekeru no Mikoto once put his sedge hat on this tree. The villagers often see a strange fire moving between this tree and the old cedar tree at Kumano Shrine in Kita Takai. This is said to be caused by the Tengu who has his residence on the tops of these two trees and comes and goes between them.

3 The Tengu's Pine
There was a big pine tree in the precincts of Shinmei Shrine at Kanesato, Tomita-mura. A Tengu lived there since ancient times. When he was in good humor, his laughter was heard throughout the village and the village was left in peace. But when he was offended, he did violence and frightened the villagers.
This tree fell down in a severe storm in 1921.


Tengu no Kakato Iwa 天狗のかかと岩

本地ヶ原の「今と昔」 Honjigahara
- reference source : honji.jp/history/history -


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sugi 杉 cedar tree
On the mountain pass there is a huge 杉 cedar tree. From its prances once dangled the cut-off arm of a human.
Two travelers passing by saw this and run away in great fear.
This must have been the mischief of a Tengu, for sure.



dani ダニ tick
If the Tengu takes a pee on old 草履 Zori straw sandals, ticks will come out of it.
Once a mountain forest worker sat down on a pair of old straw sandals. All of a sudden he fell asleep. When he woke up, his body was covered with ticks.

. waraji - zoori 草鞋- 履 と伝説 Legends about straw sandals .


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- - iso tengu, isotengu 磯天狗 Isotengu, Iso-Tengu, "Seashore Tengu", a Sea Yokai monster - -
Known in Aichi, 佐久島Sakushima, Wakayama 和歌山県須賀利 and Mie 三重県北牟婁郡.


source : wikiwiki.jp/heian...

It carries the name of TENGU, but is not a Tengu, rather a kind of 河童 Kappa.
It likes to make fire and if it finds a living creature, it burns it down. It does not like creatures living in water, since it can not set fire on them. Still it lights a fire at the seashore (iso) to try at least.

In the town of 半田市 Handa in former times fishermen saw a strange 白煙 white smoke whirling up on the sea and becoming bigger and bigger. It looked like a tornado and came with strong wind gusts. People who saw it called it the deed of Iso-Tengu.
Once a courages wild man ventured out to get rid of this Iso-Tengu. He climbed up to a mountain where the was Iso-Tengu residing and indeed, saw a white smoke like a tornado fly around. In no time the man was wrapped up in the smoke and drawn far out on the sea.


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知多郡 Chita district
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知多郡 - 美浜町Mihama

tengu sama no isami 天狗様のいさみ
On a quiet night without wind Tengu no Isami can be heard.
It comes from the topo of the Pine of 氏神の松 Ujigami no matsu and 山の神の松 Yamanokami no matsu and sounds like the nice melody of a flute.
It has been heard by a lot of people, but they all have run back to there home very fast.

and related
龍宮様の太鼓 The Drum from the Dragon Palace
Sometimes on a summer day, the sound of a drum is heard at the beach, like coming from the bottom of the sea and moving from North to South.
This is the "Drum from the Dragon Palace".

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知多郡 - 南知多町 Minami-Chita

If fishermen leave some fish below a tree on the seashore, 磯天狗 Iso-Tengu comes to burn them.
.
Once a fishermen went fishing at 鳶ヶ崎 Tobigasaki on a night when it looked like rain would come soon. He caught amazingly many fish and the boat became quite heavy. Suddenly all became quite light and he looked up at the sky in amazement. From the sea there came some hi no tama 火の玉 white balls of fire flying toward him.
This must be 磯天狗 Iso-Tengu, he thought, put his straw sandals on his head and began to recite the Amida prayer. The balls of fire flew away the South. But all the fish had disappeared from the boat.



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幡豆郡 Hazu district 一色町 Isshiki

iso tengu 磯天狗 Iso-Tengu
If the fishermen find their catch gone, they say it was the bad deed of Iso-Tengu.

Once a person was abducted by a Tengu and taken to 金毘羅様 Mount Kompirasan in Shikoku and even to 江戸 Edo in no time.



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宝飯郡 Hoi district 音羽町 Otowa

hana tengu 鼻天狗 "Nose-Tengu"
Once Hana-Tengu played with the children and changed his size as they asked him to do.
First he became the size of 子供 a child, then of ねずみ a mouse, than of とり a bird, then of 米粒 a rice corn, then of けし粒 a poppy seed . . .
and you guess, finally the children stepped on the seed and crushed it.




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東加茂郡 Higashi-Kamo district 下山町 Shimoyama

The local Tengu likes to make merry. Sometimes he sits on the high 松の木 pine tree and plays the drum.

Once a lumberjack was walking in the mountains and stopped by a Tengu.
He was asked to put his Zori straw sandals on his head and then someone peed on the sandals.




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Kitashitara 北設楽郡 Kita-Shitara district



This is a district full of Tengu legends. Even plants are influenced by him.


Tengu nasu eggplants 天狗茄子

Sometimes people are assaulted by a Tengu. They are then usually told to put their Zori sandals on their head.


- quote -
Kosaku and the Tengu
In Aichi Prefecture there lived a man in the Kitashitara district called Kousaku. Kousaku loved dancing and in particular the festival of Hana-matsuri. This festival is held at the end of December and the beginning of January each year. People preyed for good crops in the coming year and spent the nights dancing round bonfires.
On day, after the festival was over,
Kousaku was cutting grass on a hillside when he heard the sound of wooden flutes. He realized that these must be the instruments of the mountain Tengu. He tried his best not to dance, fearfull of becoming enchanted. But finally the music took hold of him and he began to dance.
He didn’t know how long he had danced for when a Tengu appeared behind him.
“Come dance with us”
said the birdman and flun what looked like a rope up the mountainside. A passageway appeared in the mountain and the Tengu led Kousaku through it. Inside the hill were many more Tengu and Kousaku danced with them to the sound of their flutes. The Tengu were delighted with his performance and rewarded him with rice cakes and tobacco.
One tengu tested Kousaku’s bravery by taking him to a cliff and threatening to throw him down. When Kousaku showed no fear the birdman was impressed.
On their way back to the village,
at a place called Imadate Kousaku found a tall cedar tree and cut its branch. He handed over it talking, " Please give this branch to your Greatest Tengu in the Mt. Akiba”.
The tengu replied that he was a good man and they wished to repay him by giving him some form of great power. Kousaku requested to have great strength. The Tengu cast their spells and then Kousaku was empowered with a giant’s strength. He uprooted the tree and carried it back to the village.
- source : myths.e2bn.org/mythsandlegends.. Richard Freeman

Another version of this legend
A Story of Being Deceived by Tengu
- source : ohta-jpn.co.jp -

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hana takaki otoko 鼻高き男 man with a long nose
A very strong man named 又平 Matahei once passed below the 天狗松 Tengu Matsu pine tree. A man with a long nose suddenly appeared and asked him to compare their strength.
Matahei climbed on the tree and grappled with the man, but was thrown down and died soon after.

. Tengu no matsu 天狗の松, Tengu no koshikake matsu 天狗の腰掛松 .

- - - - -
Once a man rested on the mountain when a large man suddenly appeared before him. The man asked him all kinds of personal questions and he could not help but answer. This made him realize his own personal situation very clearly.
At the end the large Tengu-Man gave him 黄金の玉 a golden ball and promised he would not tell anybody else about his secrets. Then the Tengu disappeared just as fast as he had come.

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北設楽郡 - 本郷町 Hongo

kamikakushi 神かくし mysterious disappearance
Once a young naive boy of about 15 or 16 years did not come home at night.
When the parents asked him the next morning when he came back, he sadt he had been in the mountain, led by a Tengu and played with 薬師 Yakushi Nyorai.

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北設楽郡 - 御殿村 Midono

A father went to get some medicine for his daughter after giving birth.
At the pass he met some men with red faces and long noses. They led him back home and taught him how to make the medicine. He saw them off, making a deep bow at the door, but the rest of the family could see nobody.

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北設楽郡 - 名倉村 Nagura

Once a man on his way home from cutting weeds in the mountain forest, but the rope of the luggage on the horseback kept unravelling. So it took him a long time to get home.
This must have been the mischief of a Tengu, for sure.

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北設楽郡 - 設楽町 Shitara city

Some forest workers were were trying to pull a large tree. Suddenly they saw a Tengu moving the heavy tree trunk easily and without any problem down the slope.
They got quite afraid and left the forest.
.
The blood of a bird shot down by an arrow kept flowing out of the wound. The hunters felt scared and uneasy and left the spot. But after a while they went back and found neither the bird nor any blood.
This must have been the mischief of a Tengu, for sure.

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北設楽郡 - 東栄町 Toei

One evening a man took a rest at the pass. A man with a long nose, white hair and beard and 羽の団扇 a feather fan came closer and closer. He thought that must be a Tengu and was struck with fear. But he did not show his emotions and the man gave him a fish with no eyes.
.
The local Tengu like 神楽 Kagura music. During the 花祭り Hanamatsuri Festival they show up at 高嶺 Takane and are welcomed with lanterns.
.
. Karasu Tengu 烏天狗 and a miracle medicine .

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北設楽郡 - 豊根村 Toyone

toori tengu 通り天狗 a Tengu passing
Once a man had to walk over the mountain pass, when he saw some pitch-black men standing hi his way with a strange something. He could not even move any more. Eventually he turned back and went home. The forest workers said it was probably a Tengu passing, and the man died shortly after.


- - - - - and one legend about a Tengu passing
from 和歌山県 Wakayama, 有田郡 Arida district 清水村 Shimizu
A man stayed over night at the Shrine 日光神社 Nikko Jinja, when he heard the sound of someone cutting wood and then of a tree falling down.
Later he learned that this was a place where the Tengu are passing.

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北設楽郡 - 作手村 Tsukute

In the next room there was a strange loud noise, ガラガラ garagara.
Next morning taking a look, nothing had changed.
People say a Tengu had been here over night.

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北設楽郡 - 津具 Tsugu

This district is known as Home of the Tengu Legends, Tsugu village 天狗伝説の郷 津具

Gobanishiyama 碁盤石山 A Mountain with a Tengu Legend
Mt. Goban-ishiyama. The mountain is 1189 m high.



Once upon a time
There lived a Tengu on this mountain who liked to play a game of 囲碁 Igo.
Once he had a match with a man known for his skill at the game, who lived in a village at the foot of the mountain. They played for seven days and seven nights, but in the end the Tengu lost. In his anger the Tengu took the last stone and threw it upside down. There it turned to a stone, to be seen to our day.

A similar legend of a Tengu playing Igo is told in Saitama 埼玉県.
. igo 囲碁 the game of Go .




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岡崎市 Okazaki city

tengu no hi 天狗の火 Tengu fire
If people happen to see a "Tengu fire", they throw their geta 下駄 wooden sandals or zoori 草履 straw sandals to make it go away.




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奥三河 Okumikawa

- quote -
There was a man named Taichi TENGU. This man, some day, went to the mountain. The surroundings became darker and darker, and then a Tengu appeared and said, “I take you as a disciple, so come with me.” Even though the man said, “No,” he was taken away forcibly, and the Tengu said, “Fly.” “I will die if I fly. I can‟t stand it,” he said, and the Tengu said, “That‟s impossible. Since I am a Tengu, you can fly, too, so fly.” Then, the Tengu showed him fly before him. “Fly, fly,” being pushed at the back, the man flied and could fly. Then, with the Tengu, the man was being trained on how to fly that way and this way, he did not go home for a while.
Then, some time,
everyone went to the mountain, and the man was standing blue. “Where did you go?” “I, taken by the Tengu, was being trained everywhere. I can fly that way, fly this way, I can fly over anything.” After hearing that, everyone said “That‟s ridiculous. Show us how you fly.” He couldn't fly but was able to do something an ordinary person cannot do.
- source : ohta-jpn.co.jp -



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豊橋市 Toyohashi City

. oni matsuri 鬼祭り Oni Demon Festival .

The climax of the festival is part entitled “The Teasing of the 'Aka-Oni' Red Ogre and 'Tengu' Goblin”,
in which a long-nosed Tengu drives away a raging red Aka-Oni ...






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豊川市 Toyokawa 小坂井町 Kozakai

. Shrine Utari Jinja 莵足神社 .
豊川市小坂井町字宮脇2番地の1 / Miyawaki-2-1 Kozakaicho, Toyokawa, Aichi



During the main festival of this shrine, masks of Shoki, Tengu, Uzume and others are sold.

. Shooki 鍾馗 Shoki, The Demon Queller .



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. Yama no Kami 山の神 God of the Mountain .
- and Tengu legends from Aichi


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Tengudana 天狗棚 Mount Tengudana - 1,240 m
Near Toyota City and Shitara city



The mountain has a legend that the long-nosed goblin (Tengu) lives there.
There is also a restaurant called Restaurant Tengudana,
Takazasa, Tsugu-mura, Kitashitara Gun, Aichi, Kitashitara Gun , Aichi


Chausuyama highlands
is located on the border between Aichi Prefecture and Nagano Prefecture.



Tengu-dana shelf seen from the Mennoki Pass located on the south of Chausu.
You would see the nose of Tengu stick out of the right side slope.
You can watch Mt. Fuji from Tengu-dana shelf in a good weather condition.
- source : mohsho.image.coocan.jp/chausuyama-highlands... -


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Tengu, Yamanonakadachichō, Toyota-shi, Aichi-ken 愛知県豊田市山ノ中立町天狗

A place name found googeling.


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- reference : nichibun yokai database 妖怪データベース -


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. Tengu 天狗と伝説 Tengu legends "Long-nosed Goblin" .

. Tengupedia - 天狗ペディア - Tengu ABC-List.


. Legends about Kobo Daishi Kukai - 弘法大師 空海 - 伝説 .

. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .

- Yookai 妖怪 Yokai Monsters of Japan -

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