Showing posts with label - - - Temples - - -. Show all posts
Showing posts with label - - - Temples - - -. Show all posts

2017-12-30

ABC List Contents

- BACK to the Daruma Museum -
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. Legends and Tales from Japan 伝説 - Introduction .

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ABC List of Contents - Heian Period (794 to 1185) 平安時代
- - - - - and the periods up to Heian



. Books about the Heian Period .

. Reference online .


. kojiki 古事記 Furukotofumi, he oldest chronicle in Japan .

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source : metmuseum.org/toah


. Persons of the Heian Period .


. Shrines of the Heian Period 神社 .


. Temples of the Heian Period 寺 .


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- - - - - Keywords, terms, specialities - - - - -


Anna 安和 era (968 - 970)
- source : wikipedia -
- - - - - . Anna Incident - Heian History .


. aoba no fue 青葉の笛 flute with green leaves .
flute of the monsters 鬼笛 onibue


Architecture in the Heian Period
James T. Ulak
In 784 the emperor Kammu (737–806) relocated the seat of government to Nagaoka. Nagaoka was marred by contention and assassination, however, rendering it an inauspicious location for the capital. Thus, in 794 a site to the east of Nagaoka on a plain sheltered on the west, north, and east by mountains and intersected by ample north-south rivers was judged appropriate by geomancers. Named Heian-kyō (“Capital of Peace and Tranquility”) and later known as Kyōto, this city was modeled on the grid pattern of the Tang Chinese capital at Chang’an. Heian-kyō remained the site of the imperial residence . . . (100 of 10,500 words)
- source : global.britannica.com/art -


. Aristocrats in the Heian Period .

. Ashikaga Gakkoo 足利学校 Ashikaga Gakkō, The Ashikaga School,
The Ashikaga Academy and Ono no Takamura 小野篁 .


auspicious symbols
- matsukuware tsuru 松くわえ鶴 crane holding a pine branch

. awabi densetsu あわび アワビ 鰒 鮑伝説 abalone legends .



. Ban Dainagon Ekotoba 伴大納言絵詞 picture scroll about the fire of Otemon 大手門 .

. Bandits, Pirates, Robbers - Heian History .

. Binbogami 貧乏神, Kyuuki 窮鬼 Kyuki - God of Poverty .

. Buddhism in Heian Japan .
- - - - - . Developments in Buddhism .

Buddhist sculptors 仏師 busshi - Heian Era
定朝 Jōchō Busshi (Jocho), 円派 Enpa and 院派 Inpa School
Magaibutsu 磨崖仏 cliff carvings
Artwork of the new sects, Tendai 天台 and Shingon 真言.
- source : Mark Schumacher -

. bussokusekika 仏足石歌, "Buddha footprint poems" .


Cleveland Museum pieces
Art of Japan: Masterpieces from the Cleveland Museum of Art / Heian (14 results)
- source : books.google.co.jp -

Colors of the Heian period
. . . A glimpse of many shades of color at the neck, sleeve and hemline . . .
check : Fujiwara no Teika "Meigetsu-Ki" Bright Moon Diary
. Japanese Colors - Introduction .
- - - - - . The Traditional Colors of Japan / by Sarah W . *


. daidokoro, daibandokoro 台盤所 kitchen .

Daijō-kan, Dajō-kan, Daijookan 太政官 Great Council of State
three ministers— : Daijō-daijin (Chancellor), Sadaijin (Minister of the Left) and Udaijin (Minister of the Right)
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

Dazaifu 大宰府 regional government in Kyushu, "the distant capital"
from the 8th to the 12th centuries.
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

. dengaku mai 田楽舞 Dengaku dance .


. Echizen shikki 越前漆器 Echizen laquer ware .
In 527A.D., when the 26th emperor of Japan was young, he ordered a lacquerware craftsman in Echizen to repair his crown . . .

emaki 絵巻 picture scrolls - tba
Ban Dainagon ekotoba (The Tale of the Courtier Ban Dainagon)
Chōjū giga (Scroll of Frolicking Animals)
Genji Monogatari emaki (The Illustrated Tale of Genji)
Shigisan engi emaki (Legends of Mt. Shigi)
- - Emaki, narrative scrolls from Japan – Miyeko Murase
- - Critical Terms for Art History - Nelson, Shiff
- - The Practices of Painting in Japan - Quitman Phillips


. Food and Drink in the Heian Period .

. Fujiwara regency - Heian History .


. gangu 玩具, omochcha おもちゃ toy, toys .
In the Heian period, it was called “mote (or mochi)- asobimono (mote or mochi means to hold in a hand, and asobimono means something to play with),” or it was referred to as simply “asobimono” in the Tale of Genji.

. Genji Monogatari 源氏物語 The Tale of Genji .
. . . . . Murasaki Shikibu

. Genpei War 源平戦争 - Heian History .
the Minamoto (源) and the Taira (平). The Heian Period ends with the Genpei War.

. gold and silver mines - kinzan 金山 ginzan 銀山 .

. Gold and Silver, Zipangu .


. goryoo, onryoo 御霊、怨霊 vengeful spirits .
Sudo Tenno 崇道天皇 and his son,
Iyo Shinno 伊予親王.
his mother, Fujiwara Fujin, 藤原婦人
Fujiwara Hirotsugu, 藤原広嗣
Tachibana Hayanari, 橘逸勢
Bunya no Miyata Maro 文室宮田麻呂
Kibi no Makibi 吉備真備
Sugawara Michizane 菅原道真



. Gozu Tennō 牛頭天王 Gozu Tenno Deity .


haiku about Heian 俳句と平安

hairstyle

. hamaya 破魔矢 and busha matsuri 歩射祭 or 奉射祭 .
- - - - - New Year ritual archery

. Hanami 花見 "Blossom viewing party" .

. haniwa はにわ【埴輪】“clay cylinder”clay figures .
- and the Hajibe 土師部 clan / mogari funeral rites もがり【殯】


. Hashihime, Hashi Hime 橋姫 / はし姫 "Princess of the Bridge" .
turning into a vengeful Oni demon

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. Heian bijin 平安美人 a beauty of the Heian Period, Heian Beauty . *
- - - - - . Aristocrats in the Heian Period - beauty .
- - - - - . The Fair Face of Japanese Beauty
Cosmetics for Japanese Women from the Heian Period to Today.
*

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Heianjo, Heian Jo 平安城 "The Castle of Heian"
平安城首 / 平安城尾 / 左 青竜 / 右 白虎 / 前 朱雀 / 後 玄武
『都名所図会』で京を巡る Kyo Meisho Zue - Illustrations of the famous places
. 都名所図会 Kyo Meisho Zue . *


Heian Kyoo 平安京 (literally "tranquility and peace capital") HeianKyo, Heian Kyo
was one of several former names for the city now known as Kyoto. It was the capital of Japan for over one thousand years, from 794 to 1868 with an interruption in 1180.
- Including Kadono District (Kadono-gun, Atago 愛宕郡) and Otagi District (Otagi-gun, 愛宕郡) of Yamashiro Province (Yamashiro no kuni, then 山背国)
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !
- - - - - .The Ancient Capital Heian Kyo - by Parker .


. Heian matsuri 平安祭 Heian festival - Kyoto .
Jidai matsuri 時代祭 "Festival of the Ages" - October
- - - - - Heian Jinguu 平安神宮 Heian Jingu Shrine

. Heike densetsu 平家伝説 legends about the Heike clan .
The Tale of the Heike 平家物語 Heike Monogatari - 平 Taira - and more

. Heike tanuki 源平狸 papermache doll of a badger .
at Temple Yashima-Ji 屋島寺, Kagawa. The Tanuki believed that his former master was a prince of the Taira clan.

. hinomaru, hi no maru 日の丸 the Japanese Flag .
- - - - - Emperor Monmu used a flag representing the sun in his court in 701.

. hiragana 平仮名 ひらがな writing system .

. Hiraizumi 平泉 in Iwate, the Golden Hall .
Fujiwara no Kiyohira 藤原清衡 and the Hiraizumi Fujiwara clan

. History of the Heian Period .
. . . . . Heian History by dates
- source : #heianhistory -

. Hoogen no ran, Hôgen no ran  保元の乱 Hogen Disturbace - 1156 .



. ikiryō, shōryō, seirei, ikisudama 生霊 Ikiryo, "living ghost" .

Ima Kagami - Fujiwara no Tametsune

. imayoo, imayō 今様 Imayo, popular song, imayoo uta 今様歌 .
Imayo Awase: Song contest in the Heian period


. inbi no gohan 忌火の御飯 "rice on the memorial day" .

. Ise monogatari 伊勢物語 Tales of Ise .
. . . . . and Yatsuhashi 八橋

. ishinago 石子 / イシナゴ / いしなご / 石なご / 石投 / 擲石 toy stone pebbles .
いしなどり / 石な取り ishinadori / いしなごとり ishinagotori / 石投げ ishinage
and
saigi 賽木、伊勢の賽木(いせのさいぎ)wooden dice from Ise



. Kagerō Nikki 陽炎日記 / 蜻蛉日記 Kagero Nikki, The Kagero Diary .
- - - - - The Mayfly Diary, The Gossamer Years, by Michitsuna no Haha (ca. 935-95)

. kaiawase, kai-awase,kai awase 貝合; 貝合わせ shell-matching game .

. kanbun (kambun) 漢文 written Chinese, the official language *

. Kaneuri Kichiji 金売吉次 / 金売り吉次 / 吉次信高 / 橘次末春
Kichiji Nobutaka, Kitsuji Sueharu, Kane-uri Kichiji .

- legendary gold trader of the Heian Period

. kanju manju 干珠満珠 the tide jewels .

kanpaku 関白 Kampaku, regent
first secretary and regent who assists an adult emperor
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

. kaoo, kaō 花押 Kao official signature .

. Kappa 河童 Water Goblin Legends of the Heian period .

. karuta, uta karuta 歌留多 Poetry card game .

. Kawara no In 河原院 Kawara-no-in - Kyoto .
official residence of 源融 Minamoto no Toru (822 - 895)


. kemari 蹴鞠 kick ball .

. Kimigayo 君が代 the Japanese Anthem .

kimono and fashion
- source : History-of-Kimono -
. juuni hitoe 十二単衣 12 layered court robe .

. Kinoshitagoma, 木ノ下駒 horse toy from Sendai .

Kin'yō Wakashū 金葉和歌集 Collection of Golden Leaves
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !


. kofun jidai 古墳時代 burial mound period - 250 to 538 .
- Introduction and legends -


Kokin Wakashū 古今和歌集 Waka poetry anthology
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

. Kokushi 国司 Kuni no tsukasa, regional governor .
and the legal system, Ritsuryō 律令 Ritsuryo

Konjaku Monogatari 今昔物語, Konjaku Monogatarishū 今昔物語集 Anthology of Tales from the Past
collection of over one thousand tales written during the late Heian period (794-1185)
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

. Korean heritage 韓国 Kankoku  朝鮮 Chosen - Korea .

. koyomi 暦 Japanese calendars .
introduced in the Joogan 貞観 Jogan period (859 - 877).



. Legends of the Heian Period .

. Literature of the Heian Period 平安時代の文学 .


Makimuku Kofun and Himiko 纒向古墳群 卑弥呼


Makura no Sōshi 枕草子 Makura no Soshi, The Pillow Book
. by Sei Shōnagon 清少納言 Sei Shonagon .


. Manyooshuu, Man'yōshū 万葉集 Manyoshu, Manyo-Shu
Poetry "Collection of Ten Thousand Leaves" .



. Map 平安京オーバレイマップ .

. Masakado's Rebellion - Heian History .
. Taira no Masakado 平将門 (? – 940) .

. Matsuo Basho 松尾芭蕉 in the footsteps of the Heian period .

. Medicine - Honzo Wamyo 本草和名 . *

. Modori-bashi, modoribashi 戻橋 / 戻り橋 'Returning Bridge' . - Kyoto

. mokkoogata, mokko no katachi 木瓜形 four-lobed pattern .
..... "quince pattern", originated in Tang dynasty as a motif on courtiers' clothes and was very popular in the Heian period

. Motives and Symbols in Art .


Narumi Gold Mine in Echigo since the Heian period
越後の鳴海金山、血色の鍾乳石

nengoo, nengō 年号 Nengo, "year name", era name
- reference source : wikipedia -

. Nihon Ryōiki 日本霊異記 Nihon Ryoiki .
Ghostly Strange Records from Japan
Record of Miraculous Events in Japan
by Kyookai 景戒 (きょうかい/けいかい) Kyokai - Keikai, priest of Yakushi-Ji in the Nara period

. norito 神詞 のりと Shinto chants, incantations and prayers .

. Nue - Yorimasa and the Nue monster (鵺, 鵼, 恠鳥, or 奴延鳥) .


. Ogura Hyakunin Isshu 小倉百人一首 Poetry Collection of 100 Poets .


. onmyoodoo 陰陽道 Onmyo-Do, The Way of Yin and Yang .
Abe no Seimei 安倍晴明 (921 – 1005)

. Onsen - Eight famous old Hot Springs 八古湯 and their legends .
- and other hot springs dating back to the Heian period

Ookagami, Ōkagami 大鏡 Okagami, The Great Mirror - historical tale
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !


. plum blossoms 梅花 loved in the Heian period.



. red and white 紅白 kohaku (koohaku) .
and the Battle of Dan-no-Ura 壇ノ浦の合戦

Romance - Forced Affection - Rape as the First Act of Romance in Heian Japan
- source : Stuart Iles -

Ryoounshuu, Ryōunshū 凌雲集 Ryounshu - kanshi poetry anthology
- source : wikipedia -


. samurai 侍 Samurai - servant .
In the early Heian period the word samurai meant servant and it had no military connotation and did not refer to a person of elite status.
. 4 The beginnings of the warrior (bushi) class - Heian History .
- - - - - . Rise of the military class .

. Sarutahiko densetsu 猿田彦伝説 Sarutahiko Legends .

. seko, haishi 背子 light robe or lover-friend .

Senzai Wakashū 千載和歌集 "Collection of a Thousand Years"
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

sesshoo, sesshō 摂政 regent
a title given to a regent who was named to assist either a child emperor before his coming of age, or an empress.
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

Shika Wakashū 詞花和歌集 "Collection of Verbal Flowers"
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

Shinsen Shōjiroku 新撰姓氏録 "New Selection and Record of Hereditary Titles and Family Names")
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

shooen, shōen 荘園 or 庄園 shoen system
. 2 The development of the shoen system - Heian History .
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !


sonsho darani, Sonshō darani - Holy and Virtuous Spell
Crown of the Victor Dharani / Bucho Sonsho Darani
darani 陀羅尼 spell against the monsters and demons that haunted the capital in the Heian period.


. soohei, sōhei 僧兵 Sohei, monk-warrior, monk-soldier .


. Sumitomo's Rebellion - Heian History .
Fujiwara no Sumitomo 藤原純友 (? - 941)
. . . . . provincial official and pirate, most famous for his efforts to establish a sort of pirate kingdom for himself in the Inland Sea region between 936 and 941.

. Suzakumon 朱雀門 Suzakumon (Shujakumon) Gate .

. Symbols and Art Motives .



. Taika Reform 大化の改新 Taika no Kaishin - 645 .
Emperor Kōtoku 孝徳天皇 Kotoku Tenno

. Takenouchi Monjo 竹内文書 Takenouchi Documents .
- Takenouchi no Sukune 武内宿禰 / 竹内宿禰 / 建内宿禰 - legendary statesman and Kami
Takeshiuchi no Sukune - Takeshi-Uchi // Takenouchi Skune, Takeuchi Sukune

. Taketori Monogatari 竹取物語 Tale of the Bamboo Cutter (Kaguyahime かぐや姫) .

. temari 鞠(まり)- 手毬(てまり)hand ball, rag ball .

. tomoe 巴(ともえ)Tomoe pattern .
This pattern first appeared in the Heian period . . .

. Tosa Nikki 土佐日記 Tosa Diary .
-. . . . . Ki no Tsurayuki 紀貫之 (872-945)

. Tsunami 津波 History since 684 .


. Waka poetry and Buddhism  和歌と仏教 .


. Yamashiro 山城 .
“Yamashiro” was formerly written with the characters meaning “mountain” (山) and “area” (代); in the 7th century, there were things built listing the name of the province with the characters for “mountain” and “ridge”/“back” (山背国). On 4 December 794 (8 Shimotsuki, 13th year of Enryaku), at the time of the christening of Heian-kyō, because of the resultant scenic beauty when Emperor Kammu made his castle utilizing the natural surroundings, the shiro was finally changed to “castle” (山城国).

. yami - Heian no Yami 平安の闇 The Dark Side of the Heian Period .

. yookai, yōkai 妖怪 Yokai monsters, ghosts, spooks .

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. Newsletter - Latest Additions .

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- - - - - Nara 奈良 - - - - -

The Nara Period 奈良時代 Nara Jidai from 710 - 794

. ABC List of Contents - Nara Period 奈良時代 .

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. Join the friends on Facebook ! .

- #heianabclist #abclist #korea -
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[ . BACK to DARUMA MUSEUM TOP . ]
[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO . TOP . ]

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2015-07-25

Gero Onsen

- BACK to the Daruma Museum -
. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .
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Gero Onsen 下呂温泉 Gero Hot Spring Spa
岐阜県下呂市森 Gifu

. Legends about Onsen Hot Springs 温泉と伝説 .
- Introduction -




The town has a history of over 1000 years,
and is regarded as being one of the “Top Three Hot Springs” in Japan along with Arima and Kusatsu Onsen.

From ancient days Gero Hot Springs were familiar to people for its bountifulness. One day the springs had been stopped because of a big earthquake. People were so sad. One day one egret swooped down on the Masuda River and stood for awhile. And the very next day he came the same place and stood there. Day after day he did the same thing! They wondered why, but look! There is a spring! They were so glad. The egret left the place and never came back again. They noticed that there was a statue of Yakushi-Nyorai. So they appreciate that the egret was the embodiment of Yakushi-Nyorai, who was pity for them and tell them the source of the Hot Springs.
- source : gero-spa.or.jp -

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kaeru Jinja かえる神社 Frog Shrine



gero gero is the sound of a frog.
Therefore there are many items related to frogs in Gero town.




. kaeru カエル 蛙 お守り Frog Amulet - Frosch .

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Onsenji 温泉寺 Onsen-ji
City, Yunoshima 680


Yakushi Nyorai

- quote -
A well-known Japanese legend originated from the Gero Hot Springs District.
In the Onsen-ji Temple, Bhaisajyaguru Yakushi Nyorai is enshrined, the Buddha of healing who is mentioned in legend. At the top of 173 stone steps, there is the main building of the temple. From the temple gate, you can enjoy sweeping views of the hot springs town and the Hida River.
- source : city.gero.lg.jp -

- - - - - Homepage of the temple
- source : www.onsenji.jp/ -



. Yakushi Nyorai 薬師如来 Bhaisajyaguru
the Buddha of Medicine and Healing .


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Zenshooji 禅昌寺 Zensho-ji
岐阜県下呂市萩原町中呂1089

main statues
釈迦如来 / 観世音菩薩 / 薬師如来


photo : wikipedia - CLICK for more photos !


- quote -
This Zen temple was founded to enshrine Kuan-shih Yin, in the Kamakura Period (1185-1333) on the site where a high priest named Soto Keishin had built a hermitage during the Heian Period (794-1185).
Emperor Gonara designated this temple as one of the top ten temples of the nation, and ordered the temple to be a place of prayer. The garden created by Sowa Kanamori and “a large image of Bodhidharm” painted by Sesshu are worth seeing.
- source : city.gero.lg.jp -


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- - - - Legends from Gero - - - - -

Hachiman Jinja 八幡神社  Hachimn Shrine

Once 狩野法眼 Kano Hogen painted an ema votive tablet of a horse. But the horse left the plate every night and devastated the fields. So eventually he painted some golden braidle to keep it in place.


. Legends about Hachiman Shrines 八幡宮 / 八幡神社 .

. Kano Eitoku 狩野 永徳 .
. Kano Motonobu 狩野元信 Kanō Motonobu .
Artist name : Kohoogen, Kohōgen こほうげん (古法眼)
with more legends about his ema animal paintings.


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. Hidari Jingoroo 左甚五郎 Hidari Jingoro carpenter .

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hihi ヒヒ baboon

In a cave lived a Hihi and asked for a village girl as an offering every year.
Once 悪源太義平 Akugenta Yoshihira (Minamoto no Yoshihira 源義平 (1141 - 1160) disguised himself as a girl and fought the monster with his sword 祖師野丸 Soshino Maru.
Later an officer from the a village nearby tried to steal this sword, but there was a flash of light from the house and everything began to move violently.

- quote -
Yoshihira was a Minamoto clan warrior who fought alongside his father, Minamoto no Yoshitomo, in the Heiji Rebellion.
His brothers were Minamoto no Yoshitsune, Noriyori and Yoritomo.
- - - More in the WIKIPEDIA !

. Hihi (狒々, 狒狒. 比々) Baboon Monkey Monster .
Legend of Jutaro Iwami (Kanesuke Susukita) and Shippeitaro (Hayataro)




Soshino Hachimangu 祖師野八幡宮
This shrine is related to the legend.
Gero-shi 223, Kanayamacho soshino / 下呂市金山町祖師野字茅野223

- Homepage of the Shrine
- source : kamado.net/soshino -


- - - - - Another legend about Akugenta (Akugenda Yoshihira) :

Once 難波三郎經房 Naniwa Saburo Tsunefusa had a dream where Akutgenta became a thunder.
On the next day, when Tsunefusa was with Kiyomori Nyudo it suddenly became cloudy and thunder rolled along. When he saw this he drew his sword and tried to hit a thunder cloud. Soon it was fine weather again. His sword had a mark of burning.



source : reference

悪源太義平 Akugenta Yoshihira no rei Namba Jirô o utsu
The vengeful spirit of Akugenda Yoshihira striking down his killer, Namba Jirô, at the Nunobiki waterfall

Kiyomori nyûdô Nunobiki no taki yûran 清盛入道布引滝遊覧


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. gaaranbe ガーランベ Kappa .
金山下呂町 Kanayama Gero, three legends

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kitsune 狐 fox

There was a family of doctors in Gero in the third generation. The first generation doctor once went to the forest, where he helped a fox that had hurt his leg when falling on a stone. He carried the fox home and treated the would carefully. Then he let the fox go back to the forest. To show his gratitude, the fox taught the doctor how to heal a broken bone. Therefore the family of this doctor is prosperous to our day.


. Legends about kitsune 狐 The fox .


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Kooshin 庚申さん the Koshin Deity, Wild Deity

Once the Koshin Deity came down to earth. But with its three eyes and wild face, nobody dared to come out and greet him. Only a turtle 亀 came out to meet him.

. The Koshin Cult (kooshin 庚申, ka no e saru) .


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nozuchi 野槌 snake, serpent / daija 大蛇 huge serpent

tsuchihebi, tsuchi hebi ツチヘビ is another name for nozuchi 野槌, a huge snake with almost no head or tail, looking like a huge hammer. This snake lives in the high mountain and sometimes comes rolling down noisily to the village to catch a human for food.

Once there was a fire near the forest office on mount 七宗山 Hichisozan. A huge serpent was fleeting along the road hastily and the weeds on the roadside were moving like waves. The remains of this descent are to bee seen still.


. tsuchinoko ツチノコ or 槌の子 "hammerspawn" snake .

. - daija, orochi 大蛇 the huge serpent, great snake legends - .

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okuri ookami 送り狼 the wolf sending off workers

Once upon a time
when people were on their way home from working in the mountain forest, a wolf would follow them. The wolf had smelled the salty miso paste of their lunch and wanted some salt.
This is the "wolf sending off workers".

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yamainu no ongaeshi 山犬の恩返し the gratitude of a wolf ("mountain dog")

Once upon a time

an old woman helped a wolf, who had a bone of a wild boar stuck in his mouth. Next morning she found a chain of gold 金の鎖 on her doorstep.

- and from Shirakawa 白川町
Once upon a time
a man helped a wolf, who had a bone stuck in his mouth. A few days later (next morning in other versions) he found a scroll on his doorstep, explaining the techniques of bone medicine. This was an act of gratitude by the wolf. (Similar to the kitsune fox above).
The man became a doctor and specialised in healing bones.




. ookami 狼 yama-inu 山犬 wolf legends .


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clay bell from Gero Onsen 下呂温泉
like a princess Daruma


. Clay Bells どれい【土鈴】 dorei .

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shoofuku boo 招福棒 stick to bring good luck
iwaibo 祝い棒 festival stick / bondeko ぼんでこ fertility stick

. Gifu Folk Art - 岐阜県  .

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- Reference in Japanese -

- Reference in English -

- yokai database 妖怪データベース -

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. minwa 民話 folktales / densetsu 伝説 Japanese Legends .
- Introduction -

- Yookai 妖怪 Yokai Monsters of Japan -
- Introduction -

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. Join the friends on Facebook ! .

- #geroonsen #gerohotspring #hotspringgero -
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2015-07-22

Daibosatsu legends

- BACK to the Daruma Museum -
. Japanese legends and tales 伝説 民話 昔話 - Introduction .
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Daibosatsu legends 大菩薩 伝説 Dai-Bosatsu

- - - and legends about growing walking-sticks

quote
Daibosatsu is obviously a term of Buddhist origin, and refers to a "great kami that has awakened to the Way of the Bodhisattva."
The title daibosatsu is first seen in 781, when the kami Hachiman was honored with the title Gokoku Reigen Iriki Jintsū Daibosatsu ("Great Bodhisattva of National Protection and Marvelous Spirit Power").
From that time, the title daibosatsu has been applied to numerous other kami, including Fuji Sengen Daibosatsu and Tado Daibosatsu.
source : Sato Masato, Kokugakuin, 2005

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- quote -
the Eight Great Bodhisattva (Hachi Daibosatsu or Hachi Bosatsu)
who appear in the Taizōkai Mandala and Butsugen Mandala.

Eight Great Bodhisattva (Chn. = Bādà Púsà, Jp. = Hachi Daibosatsu 八大菩薩 or Hachi Bosatsu 八菩薩).
These eight are described in various Mahāyāna texts, wherein their names and attributes differ. The Sutra on the Maṇḍalas of the Eight Great Bodhisattva 八大菩薩曼荼羅經 (Hachi Daibosatsu Mandara Kyō), which was translated by Amoghavajra 不空金剛 in the 8th century and Faxian 法賢 in the 10th century, describes the attributes of each, including their mantra 密言 (secret words), their position in the mandala, the color of their bodies, and their mudra (hand signs). Below we present two different lists. In artwork, these deities appear in the Butsugen Mandala and in the Taizōkai (Womb World) Mandala.



Eight Great Bodhisattva, Sutra of the Maṇḍalas of Eight Great Bodhisattva 八大菩薩曼荼羅經

Kannon Bosatsu 観音 (Skt. = Avalokiteśvara)
Miroku Bosatsu 弥勒 (Skt. = Maitreya)
Kokūzō Bosatsu 虚空蔵 (Skt. = Âkāśagarbha)
Fugen Bosatsu 普賢 (Skt. = Samantabhadra)
Seishi Bosatsu 勢至 (Skt. = Mahāsthāmaprāpta; in Tibet, also appears as Vajrāpani)
Monju Bosatsu 文殊 (Skt. = Mañjuśrī)
Jo Kaishō Bosatsu 除蓋障 (Skt. = Sarvanīvaraṇa Viṣkambhin)
Jizō Bosatsu 地蔵 (Skt. = Kṣitigarbha)
- source : Mark Schumacher -

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. Namu Jizo Daibosatsu 南無地蔵大菩薩 .
Namu Jigoku Daibosatsu


. Sengen Daibosatsu 浅間大菩薩 .
The cult of Mount Fuji 富士山 / Mount Sengen.


. Nine Stars Crest ... 九曜紋 ... Kuyoo Mon - kushitsu 九執 .
6 Tuesday, Hachiman Daibosatsu
kayoosei 火曜星(かようせい、八幡大菩薩) (六白金星)

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There are also human beings, saints, which received the title "Daibosatsu", some in their lifetime, some posthumously, for their efforts helping humanity.

Jinpen Daibosatsu, Jimpen Daibosatsu 神変大菩薩
. En-no-Gyôja 役行者 Jimpen Dai-Bosatsu, En no Gyoja .


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Daibosatsu Rei 大菩薩嶺 Mount Daibosatsu
2,057 m high



Dai-bosatsu tōge 大菩薩峠 Daibosatsu Toge "Daibosatsu Pass"
in Yamanashi
- a serial novel of the same title by Kaizan Nakazato
- a 1957 color Japanese film directed by Tomu Uchida.
- reference -


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. Legends about Hachiman Shrines 八幡宮 / 八幡神社 .

八幡大菩薩 Hachiman Daibosatsu


In the year 720 (養老4年) foreigners invaded Japan and many people were killed.
So Hachiman Daibosatsu ordered for a ritual for their souls, called
hoojoo-e 放生会(ほうじょうえ)Hojo-E, Buddhist ritual of releasing living animals

. Hachiman Matsuri八幡祭 Hachiman Festival .

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During the time of Emperor Suzaku 朱雀天皇
and Taira no Masakado 平将門
朱雀天皇の時代のこと、天慶3年に平将門を誅罰する際、八幡大菩薩が現れて、白木御弓と藤巻狩股の矢をもち、託宣を述べたあとに矢を射ると、即時に将門は討ち取られたという。


八幡大菩薩の使者と称する「昌伎」が将門の所に現れ,八幡大菩薩が「朕位」を「蔭子」である平将門に授与するという託宣を告げた。

. Taira no Masakado 平将門 / 平將門 (? – 940) .

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- - - - - ABC List of the prefectures :

................................................................. Ehime 愛媛県 ....................................................................

八幡大菩薩 Hachiman Daibosatsu

夜専門の猟師が火にあたっていると猟犬が身体を水にぬらして何度も薪を消してしまう。猟師は怒って犬を殺す。すると突然髭をボウボウに生やしたおじいさんがあらわれて、火にあたり出した。猟師はお爺さんが怖くてたまらずにいたが、じいさんが眠り始めたので一生のうちに1、2度しか使えない八幡大菩薩に関係のある玉で鉄砲を打った。じいさんは谷底へころげ落ち、誰かがすがりついて泣いているのがわかった。猟師は逃げ出し、1年ほど経った後その場所へ行ってみると白骨になっていた。これが山のじいさんではないかという。


................................................................. Fukui 福島県 ....................................................................

地蔵大菩薩 Jizo Daibosatsu

大病人のあるときや紛失物のあるときに、村の女たちが集まり子どもを中におき、幣をもたせて「南無地蔵大菩薩おつきやれ」と唱えると地蔵がつく。これにいろいろと尋ねる。

鹿島町
神事の日の遊びとして、13・4歳から二十歳くらいまでの女性が「地蔵様を憑ける」遊びをした。真ん中に蓙か筵を敷いて、任意の1人を座らせ、他の者はその周囲を内側を向いて右回りに廻りながら「南無地蔵大菩薩、ついておこれえ地蔵様」と唱える。地蔵様が憑くと様々な質問をした。質問がなくなると皆で踊った。そして丁重に地蔵様に帰ってもらった。帰らないときは、その地蔵様が祭ってある場所に本人を連れて行ってよく拝んで帰ってもらったという。


................................................................. Ishikawa 石川県 ....................................................................

. Myoori Daibosatsu 白山妙理大菩薩 Hakusan Myori Daibosatsu .
Taichō 泰澄上人 Saint Taicho Shonin and 白山権現 Hakusan Gongen



................................................................. Kagawa 香川県 ....................................................................

八幡大菩薩 Hachiman Daibosatsu

昔、権太という猟師が屋まで野宿をしていたら、山女郎の親子がいて長い髪をしていた。権太はおそろしくなり、八幡大菩薩に一生猟はしないからお助けくださいと拝んだ。すると山女郎は姿を消してしまった。



................................................................. Kochi 高知県 ....................................................................

東津野村 Higashi Tsuno mura

八幡大菩薩 Hachiman Daibosatsu

The village headman wanted to get his married daughter back and almost killed his son-in-law.
He invited him to Jagafuchi 蛇ヶ淵 "Serpent river pool", and hoped the huge serpent 大蛇 would kill him. But the son-in-law killed the serpent with a bullet dedicated to Hachiman Daibosatsu.
The serpent was really huge and it took seven days and deven nights to burn its corpse. The remains of the burns are still to be seen in the ground.

. daija, orochi 大蛇 huge serpent, great snake legends .

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八幡大菩薩 Hachiman Daibosatsu

吾北村 Gohoku son

武将の犬が動かなくなったのでその首を切ると、首が飛んで木の枝に飛びついた。木の枝は大蛇であった。大蛇は普通の銃では撃てず、八幡大菩薩の弾で撃つと死んだ。しばらくすると、大蛇の死体の場所に流れ着いた。武将が大蛇の骨を足でなでると、大蛇の骨が足にたひ、それがもとで病床についた。大蛇の祟りで武将は死んだ。


................................................................. Kyoto 京都府 ....................................................................

kamurogi, tatari 神籬,たゝり the curse

八幡大菩薩 Hachiman Daibosatsu

御香の宮は八幡大菩薩の御母后神功皇后を祀っている。太閤秀吉公が伏見城を築いた時、神籬を東の岡に移動させた。これが神の御心に適わなかったのだろうか、しばしば祟りがあったので、太閤は驚き、神威を畏れて旧地に返し奉ったという。今の宮がある所がこれである。


................................................................. Shiga 滋賀県 ....................................................................

小野一万大菩薩 Ono Ichiman Daibosatsu

kasezue 鹿杖 "walking stick of deer horn"
shika no tsue 鹿の杖

Once an old man of about 80 years came to the temple of 百済寺 Hyakusai-Ji in Omi. The old man said his name was Ono Ichiman Daibosatsu. He put his walking stick of deer horn into the ground and when the stick grew it became a muku no ki 椋の木 Aphananthe aspera

百済寺 Hyakusai-Ji / 323 Hyakusaijicho, Higashiomi, Shiga
- - - - - HP of the temple
- source : www.hyakusaiji.jp -



. Kuuya Shoonin 空也上人 Saint Kuya (903-72) .
with his walking stick of deer horn.


A legend told by Yanagita Kunio about a walking stick that would grow.
柳田国男 - 杖の成長した話
- with more legends of this kind below.

. - tsue 杖 stick, walking stick - Wanderstab - .
and Matsuo Basho

. tsue 杖と伝説 Legends about the walking staff of Kobo Daishi 弘法大師空海 .


. saba no ki 鯖の木 the mackerel tree .
Grown out of a 杖 walking staff, at Todai-Ji, Nara

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There are other legends about a growing walking stick told by Yanagida Kunio.

takezue 竹杖 walking stick of bamboo

In Hyogo, 兵庫県, Itami 伊丹町
at the temple 妙宣寺 Myosen-Ji around 1355 Priest Daikaku 大覚僧正 (1297 - 1364) of the Nichiren sect planted his walking stick into the ground.
It became bamboo, but a special sort called sakasadake 逆さ竹 "upside down bamboo", with its branches hanging down. A kind of hachiku 淡竹 bamboo.

A similar legend is also told in 新潟 Niigata at temple 西方寺 Saiho-Ji about the Nichiren priest 親鸞聖人 Saint Shinran.



sakasadake 逆竹 Sakasa-Dake, "weeping bamboo"

Saihooji 西方寺 Saiho-Ji
3 Chome-1-22 Toyano, Chuo Ward, Niigata

. take 竹 bamboo - Introduction .

. Shinran 親鸞 (173 – 1263) .

- - - - -

In Okayama at the Genpin Valley
Priest Genpin stuck his walking stick in the ground and it became a sandalwood tree (byakudan 白檀).

Genpin 玄賓 げんぴん (? - 818)
The legend of Miwa temple says that this was originally a hermitage of the Buddhist priest Genpin, who did not like earthly affairs and moved to the foot of the mountain called Miwa, despite the fact that he was trusted greatly by the Emperor Kanmu and the Emperor Saga.


In Hiroshima at Seiko village 南生口村
|At the temple 松蟲寺 Matsumushi-Dera, 法然上人 Saint Honen left his walking stick and it became a
sandalwood tree (byakudan 白檀).

. Hoonen Shoonin 法然上人 Honen Shonin, Saint Honen .



................................................................. Tokushima 徳島県 ....................................................................

木沢村 Kisawa

八幡大菩薩 Hachiman Daibosatsu

ryuugon san 竜ゴンさん

大正の末期頃まで、夏の日照りが続くと祈祷を行った。高丸山の三角点の草の中で、鉦や太鼓を叩き、祈祷の文句を唱えながらぐるぐる廻る。「八幡大菩薩雨をたもれ竜ゴンさん」と謡ったらしい。


................................................................. Tokyo 東京都 ....................................................................


八幡大菩薩 Hachiman Daibosatsu

In the year 1636 when Matsudaira Naotsugu 松平新五左衛門尉直次 was in charge of the bows and arrows 弓大将, many people begun to practise the Way of the Bow. Since the protector deity of the Tokugawa clan was Hachiman Daibosatsu, this deity was also the deity of the Way of the Bow and thus many 八幡宮 Hachiman Shrines were erected with a hall to practise.
When three "mountain doves" came to sit on branches of the nearby pine tree, people knew they were doing the right thing with the right protector deity.



Hachiman Daibosatsu
in the Hachiman shrine of the mansion of the Owari Tokugawa Family in Ichigaya, Edo
尾張徳川家の江戸上屋敷、市ヶ谷邸の庭園内にあった八幡宮

- source : tokugawa-art-museum.jp -


. Tokyo and Edo Folk Art 江戸 民芸 .



................................................................. Tottori 鳥取県 ....................................................................

三朝温泉 Misasa Hot Spring

. Myoken 妙見菩薩 Myoken Bosatsu - 妙見大菩薩 Myoken Daibosatsu .



In the year 1164 a retainer of Minamoto no Yoshitomo named 大久保左馬之祐王家 Okubo Samanosuke went to Mount Mitoku san to pray for the country. On the way he met a white wolf, messenger of Myoken San 妙見山 and helped him in distress. At night Myoken Daibosatsu appeared in his dream. He told Okubo that there was a holy spot at the roots of the old camphor tree 老楠. Myoken would pass this on to Okubo if he helped to save people with it.
When Okubo looked the next day, he found the well of a hot spring . . . that was the beginning of Misasa Onsen.

. Mitoku San 三徳山三仏寺 and Misasa Onsen 三朝温泉 .

. Legends about Onsen Hot Springs 温泉と伝説 .

. ookami 狼 wolf legends - Introduction .
hakuroo, shiroi ookami 白狼 white wolf


- 4 legends about Myoken to explore -



................................................................. Yamanashi 山梨県 ....................................................................

民宿杉田屋の主人の母の実家は川久保であるが、その先祖が大菩薩の近くのカリバというところでなかねの金のお姿を拾ったが、それは将門が落としたものだという。これはたたりがあるといって元の場所へ戻したが、それから11月17日のカリバの日にはソバ団子を焼いて食べるという。


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- Reference in Japanese -

- Reference in English -

yokai database 妖怪データベース
- source : www.nichibun.ac.jp -

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. minwa 民話 folktales / densetsu 伝説 Japanese Legends .
- Introduction -

- Yookai 妖怪 Yokai Monsters of Japan -
- Introduction -

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. Join the friends on Facebook ! .

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2015-06-05

Temples Heian Period

- BACK to the Daruma Museum -
. ABC List of Contents .
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Temples of the Heian Period 寺 (794 to 1185)


Most of the Buddhist temples are introduced here:
. Temples of Japan - ABC List .


. Temples - 都名所図会 Meisho Zue 平安城 Heian Jo .

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. Aizu Go Yakushi 会津五薬師 Five Yakushi temples in Aizu - Fukushima .
- - - - - Priest Tokuitsu 得一 徳溢 in Tohoku


. Byodo-In 平等院 "Phoenix Hall", Uji .


. Enryakuji 延暦寺 Enryaku-Ji . - Hieizan 比叡山
- - - - - 伝教大師 最澄 Dengyo Daishi Saicho


. Hokedake-Ji, Hokkedakeji 法華嶽寺 Hokedake Yakushi-Ji . - Miyazaki
and Izumi Shikibu 和泉式部


. Ishiteji 石手寺 Ishite-Ji . , Matsuyama, Ehime
- - - - - Emon Saburoo, Emon Saburō 衛門三郎 Emon Saburo


. Ishiyamadera 石山寺 "Stone Mountain Temple" . - Otsu, Shiga
- - - - - Murasaki Shikibu


. Kooyasan 高野山 Koyasan - Wakayama .
- - - - - 弘法大師 空海 Kobo Daishi Kukai, Tooji 東寺 Toji in Kyoto
- - - - - Ninnaji 仁和寺 Ninna-Ji


. Mibudera 壬生寺 Mibu-Dera . - Kyoto


. Sekidera 関寺(世喜寺、せきでら) . - Shiga
- - - - - and Sekidera Komachi 関寺小町 Ono no Komachi


. Sennyuji, Mitera 御寺 泉涌寺 Mitera Sennyu-Ji, Kyoto .
and Shogunzuka Mound (将軍塚, Shōgunzuka) of Kanmu Tenno 桓武天皇 (737 - 806)


. Toko-In 東光院 萩の寺 Hagi no Tera - Osaka .
- - - - - 小野篁 Ono no Takamura - (802 - 853)


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